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Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal:
doi: 10.1097/01.inf.0000243157.16405.f0
Review Article

Diagnosis of Pediatric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Resource-Constrained Settings

Ginsburg, Amy Sarah MD, MPH; Miller, Anna MBChB; Wilfert, Catherine M. MD

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The majority of children infected with human immunodeficiency virus live in resource-constrained settings and die without an established diagnosis. Definitive laboratory diagnosis in children younger than 12–18 months requires virologic testing; however, antibody testing is often the only option available. Antibody testing provides a definitive diagnosis in older children but is frequently not used. Children meeting clinical criteria should be treated regardless of availability of laboratory diagnoses.

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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