From 1978 to 2003, in Huntington, WV, we investigated Streptococcus pneumoniae invasive disease and the effect of conjugated pneumococcal vaccine among 161 children 14 years of age and younger admitted to the hospital. During 2002 and 2003, the number and proportion of invasive disease caused by vaccine strains declined; and in 2003, no invasive disease occurred in young children, suggesting a vaccine effect.
From the Department of Medicine, Marshall University, John C. Edwards School of Medicine, Huntington, WV
Accepted for publication April 12, 2004.
Address for reprints: Maurice A. Mufson, MD, Department of Medicine, Marshall University, John C. Edwards School of Medicine, 1600 Medical Center Drive, Suite G500, Huntington, WV 25701-3655. Fax 304-691-1693; E-mail email@example.com.