Vagal nerve stimulator pocket infections are uncommon but can cause considerable morbidity. We describe 3 children from our institution and 8 others previously reported with infection after vagal nerve stimulator implantation for seizure control. Infection was suppressed but recurred despite appropriate antimicrobial therapy when the device remained in situ. Device removal was required in all patients to achieve cure.
From the Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
Accepted for publication February 13, 2004.
Address for reprints: Niraj C. Patel, MD, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Room 302A, Houston, TX 77030. Fax 713-798-7249; E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org