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Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal:
Brief Reports

CHARACTERIZATION OF A COMMUNITY CLUSTER OF GROUP A STREPTOCOCCAL INVASIVE DISEASE IN MAUI, HAWAII

Erdem, Guliz MD*; Abe, Lucienne PhD†; Kanenaka, Rebecca Y. MS‡; Pang, Lorrin MD‡; Mills, Kristin MS‡; Mizumoto, Carla MS†; Yamaga, Karen PhD†; Effler, Paul V. MD‡

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Abstract

A community cluster of severe group A streptococcal skin infections occurred in Maui, Hawaii with 3 fatal cases of necrotizing fasciitis in 2002. emm types 1, 12, 58, 74, 85 and 109 were identified from 8 patients. emm types 74 and 109 have not been previously described in the United States according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention database. The identification of uncommon emm types suggested that group A streptococcal sero-types in Hawaii are different from those in the continental United States and can result in serious disease.

© 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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