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Pediatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000045
Review Article

Effect of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Activity in Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review

Chiu, Hsiu-Ching MSc, PhD; Ada, Louise GradDipPhty, MA, PhD

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Abstract

Purpose:

To determine whether functional electrical stimulation (FES) is effective and whether it is more effective than activity training alone.

Method:

MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane, Web of Science, and PEDro databases were searched for randomized trials. Studies of randomized trials were included if the participants were children (<18 years old) with spastic cerebral palsy, who underwent a program of FES that involved electrical stimulation during practice of an activity. Measures of activity that best reflected the activity trained were examined.

Results:

Five randomized trials were included. Three trials reported statistically significant between-group differences in favor of FES compared with no FES. Two trials reported no statistically significant between-group differences of FES compared with activity training alone.

Conclusion:

The available evidence suggests that FES is more effective than no FES but that it has a similar effect as activity training alone in cerebral palsy.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins and Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association

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