Functional Balance Assessment With Pediatric Balance Scale in Girls With Visual Impairment

Żyłka, Justyna MS, PT; Lach, Urszula MS, PT; Rutkowska, Izabela PhD, PT

Pediatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e31829ddbc8
Research Article
Abstract

Purpose: To examine functional balance abilities in girls with visual impairment (VI) and to investigate the correlation between stabilography and clinical balance assessment using the Pediatric Balance Scale (PBS) in girls with VI.

Methods: The PBS and stabilography were administered to 26 girls with VI aged 10 to 15 years. The association between PBS scores and sway parameters was examined using the Spearman correlation coefficient.

Results: The range of PBS scores was 47 to 56. Balance difficulties appeared in single-leg stance, tandem stance, and reaching forward. The PBS scores correlated with all but 2 sway parameters, with r values ranging from −0.18 to −0.58.

Conclusions: Girls with VI present difficulties in upright stance when the size of the base of support is narrowed and in situations where the center of gravity approaches the edge of the base of support. There is a need to provide interventions to improve balance abilities in girls with VI.

In Brief

Girls with VI have difficulty in upright stance when the size of the base of support is narrowed and when the center of gravity approaches the edge of the base of support. There is a need to provide interventions to improve balance abilities in this population.

Author Information

Comprehensive Rehabilitation Center (Ms Zylka), Konstancin, Poland; Rehabilitation Department (Ms Lach), Educational Center for Blind Children, Laski, Poland; Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education for People with Disabilities (Dr Rutkowska), Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland.

Izabela Rutkowska, PhD, PT, Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education for People with Disabilities, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Marymoncka 34, 01-813 Warsaw, Poland (izarutkowska7@tlen.pl).

The first author was a student in the Master of Physical Therapy degree program of the Faculty of Rehabilitation of Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw at the time this work was undertaken.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins and the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association.