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Pediatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e318299d5e7
Review Article

Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Clinical Recommendations for Dosing of Pediatric Supported Standing Programs

Paleg, Ginny S. PT, MPT, DScPT; Smith, Beth A. PT, DPT, PhD; Glickman, Leslie B. PT, PhD

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Abstract

Purpose: There is a lack of evidence-based recommendations for effective dosing of pediatric supported standing programs, despite widespread clinical use.

Methods: Using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (Child and Youth Version) framework, we searched 7 databases, using specific search terms.

Results: Thirty of 687 studies located met our inclusion criteria. Strength of the evidence was evaluated by well-known tools, and to assist with clinical decision-making, clinical recommendations based on the existing evidence and the authors’ opinions were provided.

Conclusions and recommendations for clinical practice: Standing programs 5 days per week positively affect bone mineral density (60 to 90 min/d); hip stability (60 min/d in 30° to 60° of total bilateral hip abduction); range of motion of hip, knee, and ankle (45 to 60 min/d); and spasticity (30 to 45 min/d).

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins and the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association.

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