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Pediatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e318299127d
Research Article

Effects of Passive Versus Dynamic Loading Interventions on Bone Health in Children Who Are Nonambulatory

Damcott, Megan PhD; Blochlinger, Sheila PT, ATP; Foulds, Richard PhD

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Purpose: To investigate the effectiveness of a novel dynamic standing intervention compared with a conventional passive standing intervention on bone health in children with cerebral palsy who are nonambulatory.

Methods: Four children in passive standers and 5 in dynamic standers were followed for 15 months (standing 30 min/d, 5 d/wk). Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans of the distal femur were obtained at 3-month intervals to measure changes in bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content, and area.

Results: Increases in BMD were observed during dynamic standing (P < .001), whereas passive standing appeared to maintain the baseline BMD. Increases in bone mineral content were observed in each standing intervention (P < .001), with dynamic standing inducing greater increases. Increases in area were comparable between interventions (P = .315).

Conclusions: Dynamic standing demonstrated the potential of moderate-magnitude, low-frequency loading to increase cortical BMD. Further investigations could provide insight into the mechanisms of bone health induced through loading interventions.

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins and the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association.


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