Pediatric Physical Therapy

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Pediatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e318277f157
Research Article

Sitting Postural Control in Infants With Typical Development, Motor Delay, or Cerebral Palsy

Kyvelidou, Anastasia PhD; Harbourne, Regina T. PT, PhD; Willett, Sandra L. PT, MS, PCS; Stergiou, Nicholas PhD

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Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether infants born full-term, infants born preterm with motor delays, and infants born preterm who have a diagnosis of cerebral palsy (CP) differed in postural control at the emergence of early sitting.

Methods: Thirty infants born at term who were developing typically, 6 infants born preterm who were later diagnosed with CP, and 5 infants born preterm who were delayed in motor development participated in this study. Center-of-pressure data from unsupported sitting were recorded and analyzed using measures of both amount and temporal organization of center-of-pressure variability.

Results: Infants born full-term, infants born preterm with motor delays, and infants born preterm who have a diagnosis of CP exhibited dissimilar movement-control strategies at the onset of sitting.

Conclusions: The present findings may be helpful in directing and testing intervention protocols for infants born preterm.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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