Pediatric Physical Therapy

Skip Navigation LinksHome > Summer 2011 - Volume 23 - Issue 2 > The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Gross Motor Dev...
Pediatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e318218d356
Research Article

The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Gross Motor Development in Children Aged 3 to 5 Years

Nervik, Deborah PT, MHS, DPT, DHS, PCS; Martin, Kathy PT, DHS; Rundquist, Peter PT, PhD; Cleland, Joshua PT, PhD

Collapse Box

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between obesity and gross motor development in children who are developing typically and determine whether body mass index (BMI) predicts difficulty in gross motor skills.

Methods: BMIs were calculated and gross motor skills examined in 50 children who were healthy aged 3 to 5 years using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, 2nd edition (PDMS-2). Pearson chi-square statistic and stepwise linear hierarchical regression were used for analysis.

Results: A total of 24% of the children were overweight/obese, whereas 76% were found not to be overweight/obese. Fifty-eight percent of the overweight/obese group scored below average on the PDMS-2 compared to 15% of the nonoverweight group. Association between BMI and gross motor quotients was identified with significance of less than 0.002. Regression results were nonsignificant with all 50 subjects, yet showed significance (P = 0.018) when an outlier was excluded.

Conclusions: Children aged 3 to 5 years with high BMIs may have difficulty with their gross motor skills. Further research is needed.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Login

Article Tools

Share

Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.

Follow PED-PT on Twitter