Pediatric Physical Therapy

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Pediatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181beb09d
Review Article

The Application of Motor Learning Strategies Within Functionally Based Interventions for Children with Neuromotor Conditions

Levac, Danielle BScPT, MSc; Wishart, Laurie BSc.PT, PhD; Missiuna, Cheryl PhD, OTReg(Ont); Wright, Virginia PT, PhD

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Abstract

Purpose: To identify and describe the application of 3 motor learning strategies (verbal instructions, practice, and verbal feedback) within 4 intervention approaches (cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance, neuromotor task training, family-centered functional therapy, and activity-focused motor interventions).

Methods: A scoping review of the literature was conducted. Two themes characterizing the application of motor learning strategies within the approaches are identified and described.

Results: Application of a motor learning strategy can be a defining component of the intervention or a means of enhancing generalization and transfer of learning beyond the intervention. Often, insufficient information limits full understanding of strategy application within the approach.

Conclusions: A greater understanding of the application, and perceived nonapplication, of motor learning strategies within intervention approaches has important clinical and research implications.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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