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The Effects of Prone Positioning on the Quality and Acquisition of Developmental Milestones in Four-Month-Old Infants

Dudek-Shriber, Linda EdD, OTR/L; Zelazny, Susan MS, OTR/L

Pediatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1097/01.pep.0000234963.72945.b1
Research Report
Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated whether positioning infants in the prone position while awake affected the quality and achievement of developmental motor milestones.

Methods: One hundred four-month-old infants were administered the Alberta Infant Motor Scale to assess motor development. A Parent Questionnaire was used to gather information on time spent in various positions throughout a typical 24-hour day.

Results: Significant differences (p < 0.001) in the achievement of seven prone, three supine, and three sitting milestones were evidenced in infants who spent time awake in the prone position compared to those whose time in the prone position was limited.

Conclusions: Prone positioning while awake appears to be associated with certain motor milestones achieved by four-month old infants.

In Brief

The authors report that positioning while awake appears to be associated with certain motor milestones achieved by four-month old infants.

Author Information

State University of New York at Buffalo (L.D.S.) and Medina Memorial Hospital, Medina, New York (S.Z.)

Address correspondence to: Linda Dudek-Shriber, EdD, OTR/L, State University of New York at Buffalo, 3425 Main Street, Buffalo, New York 14214. E-mail: lshriber@buffalo.edu

Funded by the Neurodevelopmental Treatment Association.

© 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.