Pediatric Physical Therapy

Skip Navigation LinksHome > Spring 2006 - Volume 18 - Issue 1 > A Comparison of Bone Mineral Density in Adolescent Female Sw...
Pediatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1097/01.pep.0000200952.63544.16
Research Report

A Comparison of Bone Mineral Density in Adolescent Female Swimmers, Soccer Players, and Weight Lifters

Bellew, James W. PT, EdD; Gehrig, Laura MD, FACOS

Collapse Box

Abstract

Purpose: The study was designed to examine the effect of sports of varying skeletal loading on bone density in adolescent female athletes.

Methods: Bone mineral densities of female swimmers, soccer players, and weight lifters were examined. Between-sport comparisons were made using a one-way analysis of covariance with age and body mass index as covariates and group bone mass density (BMD) was compared to the World Health Organization's (WHO) normative values for adult females.

Results: BMD was significantly greater in the soccer group compared to the weight lifting (p = 0.025) and swimming groups (p = 0.001) with no difference between weight-lifting and swimming groups (p = 0.209). Compared to normative data from the WHO, soccer was the only sport whose participants' BMDs were significantly greater than adult norms (p = 0.003), while those of the swimmers were significantly less (p < 0.001) than adult females, and the weight lifters were not different (p = 0.103).

Conclusions: Participation in sports such as soccer or weight lifting with significant skeletal loading may enhance BMD in adolescent females.

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Login

Article Tools

Share

Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.

Follow PED-PT on Twitter