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Use of the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument to Evaluate Functional Outcomes in Arthrogryposis

Amor, Courtney J. MD; Spaeth, Maya C. MD; Chafey, David H. MD; Gogola, Gloria R. MD

Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics: April/May 2011 - Volume 31 - Issue 3 - p 293–296
doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e31820cad93
Neuromuscular

Background: The Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) is a subjective measurement tool designed to provide a standardized method of assessing outcomes in pediatric musculoskeletal conditions. It has earlier been shown to be useful in several pediatric musculoskeletal conditions, but there is currently no widely accepted subjective outcome measurement tool for children with arthrogryposis.

Methods: The PODCI was administered to parents of 74 children diagnosed with amyoplasia. The score distributions were compared with values published earlier for children without musculoskeletal disorders. For those patients with repeated PODCI administrations over time, the initial score was compared with the most recent score. Comparisons were made using the Student t test.

Results: PODCI scores in children with amyoplasia were significantly lower than those for typically developing children in all 6 domains. The scores were also more normally distributed than those for typically developing children in all 6 domains. Over an average follow-up period of approximately 3 years, children with amyoplasia had a statistically significant increase in scores for upper extremity function, sports participation, and global functioning.

Conclusions: These results show that the PODCI is useful in evaluating functional outcomes of children with amyoplasia, and is sensitive to change in function over time. The PODCI shows promise as a tool to evaluate long-term outcomes of surgical management in amyoplasia.

Level of Evidence: Diagnostic Study, Level III.

*Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine

Shriners Hospitals for Children, Houston, TX

Department of Plastic Surgery, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA

None of the authors received financial support for this study.

Reprints: Gloria R. Gogola, MD, Shriners Hospitals for Children, 6977 Main Street, Houston, TX 77030. e-mail: ggogola@shrinenet.org.

Copyright © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.