Pediatric Emergency Care

Skip Navigation LinksHome > November 2013 - Volume 29 - Issue 11 > Thyrotoxicosis After a Massive Levothyroxine Ingestion in a...
Pediatric Emergency Care:
doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e3182aa4714
Illustrative Cases

Thyrotoxicosis After a Massive Levothyroxine Ingestion in a 3-Year-Old Patient

Hays, Hannah L. MD*†; Jolliff, Heath A. DO†‡§; Casavant, Marcel J. MD†‡§

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Abstract: Most children with exploratory levothyroxine ingestions remain asymptomatic or suffer only minor effects, and most patients can be managed in the home or with supportive care in the hospital. We present a case of a 3-year-old girl who was found after a witnessed massive ingestion of levothyroxine. The patient was initially seen in an emergency department and discharged in stable condition, only to return 4 days after ingestion with thyrotoxicosis, hypertension, tachycardia, 24 hours of persistent vomiting, and clinical and laboratory evidence of dehydration. On the day of hospital admission, her thyroid-stimulating hormone was 0.018 µIU/mL (reference range, 0.6–4.5 µIU/mL); free T4 (tetraiodothyronine) was greater than 6.0 ng/dL (reference range, 0.7–2.1 ng/dL); and T3 (triiodothyronine) total was 494 ng/dL (reference range, 100–200 ng/dL). During a 3-day hospital admission, she was managed with supportive care, including intravenous fluid rehydration and antiemetics, and was ultimately discharged in good condition. The patient was followed up until 2 months after ingestion and remained asymptomatic. Although most exploratory levothyroxine ingestions suffer little to no clinical effects, serious symptoms can occur. Because serious symptoms can occur in a delayed fashion, it is important for clinicians to give proper anticipatory guidance regarding home symptom monitoring, follow-up, and reasons to return to the emergency department when patients present for medical evaluation.

Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


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