The ability to recognize, understand, and treat pleural effusions in the pediatric population is important for pediatric health care providers. The topic of pleural effusions has been extensively studied in the adult population. In recent years, these studies have extended into the pediatric population. This review describes pleural effusions in detail, including the different types and underlying pathophysiology. We then go on to provide a comprehensive review of the recent literature regarding the diagnosis and treatment of pleural effusions in the pediatric population.
*Fellow, Children's Medical Center Dallas, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Dallas, TX and †Physician-in-Chief, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Monroe Carell Jr Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationship with or financial interest in any commercial companies that pertain to this educational activity.
Lippincott CME Institute, Inc. has identified and resolved all faculty conflicts of interest regarding this educational activity.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Sara L. Beers, MD, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, UT Southwestern, Children's Medical Center Dallas, 1935 Motor St, Dallas, TX 75235. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.