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Pediatric Critical Care Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/PCC.0b013e318260117d
Neonatal Intensive Care

The Efficacy of Noninvasive Hemoglobin Measurement by Pulse CO-Oximetry in Neonates

Jung, Young Hwa MD; Lee, Juyoung MD; Kim, Han-Suk MD, PhD; Shin, Seung Han MD; Sohn, Jin A. MD; Kim, Ee-Kyung MD, PhD; Choi, Jung-Hwan MD, PhD

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate clinical applicability of noninvasive hemoglobin (Hb) measurement with a pulse CO-oximeter in neonates.

Design: Prospective comparison study.

Setting: Neonatal ICU.

Patients: Fifty-six preterm and term infants with median age = 20 days (range = 1–98 days) and median weight = 1,440g (range = 530–4,230g).

Interventions: Hb measurements by Pulse CO-Oximetry (Masimo Radical-7) were recorded immediately prior to venous samplings.

Measurements and Main Results: The collected data were compared with the corresponding venous Hb level obtained in laboratory testing, and a total of 137 data pairs were analyzed. Noninvasive Hb values measured with a pulse CO-oximeter were significantly correlated with the venous Hb levels (correlation coefficient, r = 0.758; p < 0.001). Hb values measured with a pulse CO-oximeter were higher than those measured with a laboratory hematology analyzer (13.3±2.6g/dL vs. 12.5±3.1g/dL). In terms of the agreement between the laboratory analyzer and the pulse CO-oximeter, 94.8% of the measurements fell within two standard deviations of the mean difference.

Conclusion: Noninvasive Hb measurements with Pulse CO-Oximetry provide clinically acceptable accuracy, and they were significantly correlated with laboratory Hb measurement in neonates. In terms of the clinical applicability, noninvasive Hb monitoring with a pulse CO-oximeter could be useful in the early detection of Hb changes in neonates.

©2013The Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies

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