Objective: Document a case of bilateral otosclerosis with coexisting bilateral superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome and the treatment of hearing loss in this setting.
Patient: A 33-year-old woman presented with bilateral mixed hearing loss; worse in the left ear. This was gradual in onset, and she denied dizziness. Computerized tomographic scan revealed fenestral otosclerosis and a large dehiscence of the superior semicircular canal bilaterally. She declined amplification.
Intervention: Sequential laser-assisted stapedotomy with insertion of a Kurz titanium CliP Piston prosthesis.
Main Outcome Measure: Comparison of audiovestibular symptoms, hearing thresholds, and neurodiagnostic testing results preoperatively and postoperatively.
Results: Hearing improved bilaterally with closure of the air-bone gaps at most frequencies, and she has not had permanent vestibular symptoms. Postoperative follow-up time is 37 months for the left ear and 13 months for the right ear.
Conclusion: When otosclerosis and superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome coexist and hearing loss is the dominant symptom, stapes surgery can be effective for improving hearing without permanent vestibular symptoms.