Otology & Neurotology

Skip Navigation LinksHome > June 2014 - Volume 35 - Issue 5 > MRI Without Magnet Removal in Neurofibromatosis Type 2 Patie...
Otology & Neurotology:
doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000000330
Cochlear Implants

MRI Without Magnet Removal in Neurofibromatosis Type 2 Patients With Cochlear and Auditory Brainstem Implants

Walton, Joanna*; Donnelly, Neil P.*; Tam, Yu Chuen; Joubert, Ilse; Durie-Gair, Juliette*; Jackson, Cay; Mannion, Richard A.§; Tysome, James R.*; Axon, Patrick R.*; Scoffings, Daniel J.

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Objective: To assess the impact on image quality of MRI without magnet removal in cochlear implant (CI) and auditory brainstem implant (ABI) users with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2).

Study Design: Prospective cohort.

Setting: Tertiary center for cochlear and auditory brainstem implantation.

Patients: Thirteen patients (10 ABI, 3CI) with NF2 underwent a total of 76 MRI scans.

Interventions: MRI without magnet removal.

Main Outcome measure: Ability to visualize the ipsilateral and contralateral cerebellopontine angles (CPAs) and internal auditory meati (IAM) with head MRI.

Results: Of the 76 scans, 40 were of the head, 28 of the spine and 8 of other regions. Scanning was performed with a tight head bandage and plastic card. There were no cases of altered implant function or demagnetization of the device magnet.

A grading system was used to assess the view of the ipsilateral IAM-CPA. In 85% of head scans, the view was unimpaired (Grade 0). In 13%, there was distortion (Grade 1). In 2% (1 case), the view was entirely obscured by artifact (Grade 2). Views of the contralateral CPA and IAM were unimpaired in all cases. The best 3 sequences for the depiction of the ipsilateral IAM-CPA (percent graded as 0) were as follows: axial 3D inversion recovery prepared fast spoiled gradient echo (100%), 2 mm coronal T1W of the IAM-CPA (88.9%), and 2 mm axial T1W of the IAM-CPA (76.9%).

Conclusion: MRI scanning without magnet removal is safe and well tolerated in NF2 patients with auditory implants. With appropriate MRI sequences, the image quality is not significantly impaired.

Copyright © 2014 by Otology & Neurotology, Inc. Image copyright © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health/Anatomical Chart Company

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