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The Traditional Method of Oral As-Needed Pain Medication Delivery Compared to an Oral Patient-Controlled Analgesia Device Following Total Knee Arthroplasty

Lambert, Teresa L.; Cata, Denise M.

doi: 10.1097/NOR.0000000000000065
Research

As-needed (PRN) oral pain medication is an essential part of multimodal pain therapy. Medication delivery is often delayed because of multiple demands upon nursing time in a busy postoperative nursing unit. Postoperative pain control was compared using either the manual delivery of PRN oral pain medication or a bedside oral patient-controlled analgesia device. Thirty patients in each group completed a survey on the day of discharge, and additional data were collected by chart reviews. Device patients had significantly better pain scores than the usual care group on postoperative Day 2 and within the last 24 hours prior to discharge. The device group reported statistically less pain interference overall with general activity, mood, physical therapy, sleep, and appetite. Use of an oral patient-controlled analgesia device may improve pain management and patient function following total knee arthroplasty compared to the traditional delivery of oral PRN pain medication.

Teresa L. Lambert, BSN, CNRN, Director, Surgical Services Orthopedic Inpatient Unit, Flagler Hospital, St. Augustine, FL.

Denise M. Cata, RN, RN-BC, Pain Management Nurse Orthopedic Inpatient Unit, Flagler Hospital, St. Augustine, FL.

This research has been partially funded by a grant to the Magnet Nursing Program and equipment loaned for the duration of the study by Avancen MOD Corporation. Orthopaedic Nursing's peer review process has determined this article to be objective and free of commercial bias.

The authors and planners have no other potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

©2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.