Since the emergence of reports such as the National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care (2013)
and the National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses Palliative Care Consensus Document (2005)
, there continues to be a growing recognition of the multiple adverse effects of serious illness and chronic conditions, as well as the potential benefits of receiving palliative or end-of-life care. As modern technology expands its ability to support life, ethical dilemmas may be encountered in the provision of palliative or end-of-life care. Through integration of the precepts of palliative care and consideration of the relevant ethical principles, orthopaedic nurses may best meet their patients' comprehensive needs at an exceedingly difficult time.