Skip Navigation LinksHome > May/June 2002 - Volume 21 - Issue 3 > Congenital Muscular Torticollis
Orthopaedic Nursing:
CE Feature

Congenital Muscular Torticollis

Luther, Brenda L.

Collapse Box

Abstract

Congenital muscular torticollis is a painless condition usually presenting during infancy with a tight sternocleidomastoid muscle causing the child's head to be tilted to the tightened side. Limited neck motion and a palpable tumor within the muscle are often present. A regimen of stretching exercises is the most common form of treatment with positive outcomes for over 90% of the identified cases. Rarely children require surgical intervention to release the tightened muscle. Botox injections to relax the tight muscle is a new form of treatment being used by some practitioners. Torticollis also presents as a symptom for a variety of muscular, bony, and neurologic conditions, which are briefly reviewed in this article.

© 2002 National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses

Login