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INSTRUCTIONS Anesthesia: 101 Everythingyou need to know
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- Complete the registration information and course evaluation. Mail the completed form and registration fee of $24.95 to: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, CE Group, 74 Brick Blvd., Bldg. 4 Suite 206, Brick, NJ 08723. We will mail your certificate in 4 to 6 weeks. For faster service, include a fax number and we will fax your certificate within 2 business days of receiving your enrollment form.
- You will receive your CE certificate of earned contact hours and an answer key to review your results.There is no minimum passing grade.
- Registration deadline is July 31, 2015.
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Anesthesia 101: Everything you need to know
GENERAL PURPOSE: The purpose of this learning activity is to provide information about anesthesia and nursing considerations during anesthesia.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to: 1. Describe procedures used during anesthesia administration and considerations for nursing practice. 2. Discuss nursing implications related to the medications used for anesthesia induction and pain control.
- General anesthesia is selected
- for patients at risk for airway compromise.
- when complete immobility and unconsciousness is required.
- when pain relief is needed only in the operative area.
- when the patient must remain conscious.
- After an I.induction anesthesia drug is given, unconsciousness occurs in about
- 1 minute.
- 2 minutes.
- 3 minutes.
- 5 minutes.
- Which isn't a primary goal of general anesthesia?
- minimal sedation
- Which statement about the excitement period of general anesthesia is accurate?
- It occurs only in children.
- It occurs while the patient is unconscious.
- The exaggerated responses result from heightened visual senses.
- The patient is at risk for airway compromise and physical injury.
- The LMA should beavoided when the patient
- will be supine during surgery.
- is expected to have a surgery lasting less than 2 hours.
- is having surgery on upper extremities.
- has a high risk of aspiration.
- reduces anxiety and causes amnesia.
- often causes adverse cardiovascular effects.
- is usually administered after the patient is unconscious.
- is typically administered after the induction agent has been given.
- During standard induction with intubation,
- oxygen is not needed once the I.induction agent is given.
- the patient must be intubated before the NMBD is given.
- the patient is ventilated by mask 1 to 3 minutes until paralysis is complete.
- nitrous oxide is used to treat tachycardia.
- ETT placement is best verified by
- direct visualization.
- continuous capnography.
- arterial blood gases.
- chest X-ray.
- Which statement about rapid sequence induction isnot accurate?
- It uses cricoid pressure during induction.
- It is used for patients at risk of aspiration.
- A second suction set-up should be readily available.
- Manual ventilation is required until ETT placement is verified.
- The I.induction agent, propofol
- may cause hypertension.
- has a slow return to a clear mental state at recovery.
- aggravates PONV.
- reduces the incidence of PONV.
- can cause a dose-dependent adrenocortical suppression.
- causes minimal PONV.
- is typically administered throughout the surgery.
- has significant adverse cardiovascular effects.
- is preferable for patients with ischemic cardiovascular disease.
- can only be administered by I.injection.
- is beneficial for the emergency trauma patients with substantial blood loss.
- induces unconsciousness by depressing central nervous system activity.
- is a long-acting opioid.
- is an ultrashort-acting oxybarbiturate.
- reduces the seizure threshold.
- is an inhalation agent.
- The inhalation agent nitrous oxide
- has antiemetic properties.
- can be used alone for general anesthesia.
- is delivered by a flow meter on the AGM.
- should exceed a 70% concentration.
- can be quickly reversed.
- may cause dysrhythmias.
- may cause significant hypokalemia.
- has a rapid onset and slow recovery.
- is muscle relaxant that may cause fasciculations.
- is recommended for the patient at high risk for bleeding.
- produces a dissociative effect.
- shouldn't be used in the patient with impaired kidney function.
- Which drug is a nondepolarizing NMBD?
- Which statement about epidural anesthesia is accurate?
- The dura is punctured to inject medication.
- Medication is injected between the ligamentum flavum and dura.
- It significantly impairs motor function.
- A smaller volume of local anesthetic is needed for epidural anesthesia compared to spinal anesthesia.
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