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Optometry & Vision Science:
doi: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e31820ca987
IMC Conference Program

Myopia: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference

Schaeffel, Frank*; Feldkaemper, Marita*

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*PhD

Institute for Ophthalmic Research, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany (FS, MF).

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.optvissci.com).

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Abstract

On July 26 to 29, 2010, the 13th International Myopia Conference was held in Tübingen, Germany, and featured 4 key note lectures, 17 targeted symposia, and 98 poster presentations. This article provides the full listing of keynote lectures, the 7 myopia topics, 17 symposia and abstract titles within these 7 topics, followed by the posters presented at the symposium. The on-line version of this article has direct links to 60 of the color posters.

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13th INTERNATIONAL MYOPIA CONFERENCE

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TOPIC 1: WHY STUDY THE MECHANISMS OF MYOPIA?

KEYNOTE LECTURE 1 – High Myopia in Humans and Its Clinical Management

François Jean Malecaze, Laurence Mahieu

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SYMPOSIUM 1: OCULAR PATHOLOGY ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH MYOPIA AND POSSIBLE THERAPIES

Chairs: Elena Tarutta and Wei-han Chua

Paper 1: Progressive Myopia in Children and Adolescents: Clinical Features and Control of Progression

Tarutta E

Moscow Helmholtz Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russian Federation

Paper 2: Degenerative Myopia and the Treatment Options in Adults

Ward B

Campbell Retinal Diagnostics Center, Campbell, California

Paper 3: OCT Features and Their Functional Correlations in Children with Acquired Myopia

Boychuk I

Filatov Institute of Eye Disease and Tissue Therapie, Odessa, Ukraine

Paper 4: OCT Central Field Retinal Thickness in High Myopia with and without Posterior Irregular Eyeshape

Jacobsen N

Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark

Paper 5: Visual Prognosis and Ocular Complications in High Myopia. As Based on Our Danish 1948 Copenhagen High Myopia Cohort

Fledelius H

Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark

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SYMPOSIUM 2: HIGH MYOPIA—EPIDEMIOLOGY AND GENETICS

Chairs: Terri Young, and Ernst Goldschmidt

Paper 1: Inter- and Intra-Family Variation in High Myopia Phenotype

Goldschmidt E

Danish Institute for Myopia Research, Hillerød, Denmark

Paper 2: A Genome Wide Association Study for Degenerative Myopia in a Japanese Cohort

Yoshimura N

Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Paper 3: Myopia Genetics—An Update

Young T

Duke University Center for Human Genetics, Durham, North Carolina

Paper 4: Linkage and Association Analyses of High Grade Myopia in France

Calvas P

INSERM, France

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SYMPOSIUM 3: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND RISK FACTORS IN MYOPIA

Chairs: Seang-Mei Saw, Kathryn Rose

Paper 1: The Influence of Children's Refractions at One Year on the Later Development of Myopia Varies by the Number of Myopic Parents

Gwiazda J

New England College of Optometry, Boston, Massachusetts

Paper 2: Educational Achievement and Time Outdoors: Major Predictors of the Prevalence of Myopia

Rose K

University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Paper 3: Early Onset Myopia in Singapore Chinese Children: Prevalence and Predictors

Saw S-M

National University of Singapore, Singapore

Paper 4: Myopia Over the Life Course: Prevalence and Early Life Influences in the 1958 British Cohort

Rahi JS

University College London, London, United Kingdom

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TOPIC 2: NOVEL APPROACHES TO RISK FACTORS

SYMPOSIUM 4: OPTICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON MYOPIA AND HYPEROPIA DEVELOPMENT

Chairs: Earl Smith, III, Don Mutti

Paper 1: The Effect of 2-Zone Concentric Bifocal Spectacle Lenses on Emmetropization and Eye Shape

Liu Y

University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California

Paper 2: The Effects of Multifocal Contact Lens Designs in Non-Human Primates

Troilo D

SUNY College of Optometry, New York, New York

Paper 3: Association between Retinal Steepness at the Posterior Pole and Myopic Shift in Children

Schmid G

CIBAVISION Corporation, Duluth, Georgia

Paper 4: Effects of Vision on Eye Shape and Peripheral Refraction

Smith E, III

University of Houston, Houston, Texas

Paper 5: Peripheral Optics in Myopic Children

Berntsen DA

The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

Paper 6: Myopia Control with Orthokeratology Contact Lenses in Spain (MCOS): Design, Baseline Findings, and 18 Month Refractive and Biometric Data

Santodomingo-Rubido J

Menicon Ltd., Spain

Paper 7: Nutrition, Vitamin D, and Refractive Error

Mutti D

The Ohio State University College of Optometry, Columbus, Ohio

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SYMPOSIUM 5: OUTDOOR, LIGHT, AND MYOPIA—ANIMAL STUDIES

Chairs: Regan Ashby, Richard Stone

Paper 1: Light Regimes and Eye Growth in Animal Models: the Older Literature

Howland HC

Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

Paper 2: The Role of Light Intensity in Controlling Ocular Development in Chickens

Ashby R

Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Paper 3: Light Intensity Modulates Corneal Power and Refraction in the Chick Eye Exposed to Continuous Light

Cohen Y

Chaim Sheba Medical Centre, Tel Hashomer, Israel

Paper 4: Refractive and Ocular Component Changes are Sensitive to the Relative Amount of Chromatic and Luminance Temporal Modulation

Rucker F

New England College of Optometry, Boston, Massachusetts

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TOPIC 3: SIGNALING EYE GROWTH: HOW COULD BASIC BIOLOGY BE TRANSLATED INTO CLINICAL INSIGHTS?

KEYNOTE LECTURE 2 – Mechanisms of Retinal Adaptation to Spatial Stimuli and Defocus

Jonathan Demb

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SYMPOSIUM 6: RETINAL IMAGE PROCESSING AND ERROR SIGNAL GENERATION FOR EYE GROWTH CONTROL

Chairs: Christine Wildsoet, Howard C. Howland

Paper 1: Challenging Introduction

Charman WN

University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Paper 2: Keeping the World in Focus: How Might it be Achieved?

Charman WN

University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Paper 3: Monochromatic Signals for Decoding

Campbell MC

University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Paper 4: The Accommodative Response: Why Measuring Aberrations Matters

Tarrant J

University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California

Paper 5: If Retinal Ganglion Cells Can't Detect the Sign of Defocus, So What Retinal Cells Do?

Schaeffel F

University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

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SYMPOSIUM 7: RETINAL SIGNALING IN MYOPIA AND HYPEROPIA: BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGY

Chairs: Andy Fischer, Bill Stell, Andreas Reichenbach

Paper 1: Retinal Signaling in Myopia and Hyperopia: Spatiotemporal Tuning and Amacrine Cell Circuits

Stell W

University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada

Paper 2: Vision-Guided Ocular Growth in RGE Mutant Chickens with Diminished Visual Acuity

Ritchey E

The Ohio State University College of Optometry, Columbus, Ohio

Paper 3: Insulin Receptor Signaling During Eye Growth

Penha A

University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Paper 4: Rapid Induction of Excessive Eye Growth and Extreme Myopia in Chicks by the Combination of IGF1 and FGF2

Fischer A

The Ohio State University College of Optometry, Columbus, Ohio

Paper 5: Retinal Glial (Müller) Cells Can Sense and Respond to Mechanical Stretch of the Retina

Reichenbach A

University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

Paper 6: Retinal Regulation of Eye Growth: Clues from Retinal Gene Expression after Spectacle Lens Wear in Chick

Stone R

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

KEYNOTE LECTURE 3 – Photoreceptor Activity Patterns and the Cause and Prevention of Myopia

Jay Neitz

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SYMPOSIUM 8: PHARMACOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONS OF MYOPIA DEVELOPMENT, SCLERAL METABOLISM

Chairs: Michael Frost, Alex Gentle

Paper 1: Overview of Recent Advances in Our Understanding of Scleral Remodelling in Myopia

McBrien N

University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Paper 2: Adenosine Signaling Modulation in Eye Growth Control and its Potential for Myopia Prevention

Trier K

Trier Research Laboratories, Hellerup, Denmark

Paper 3: Manipulation of TGFBIp in the Sclera

Rada JS

University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Paper 4: Manipulation of Scleral Biomechanics for the Treatment of Progressive Myopia

Iomdina E

Moscow Helmholtz Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation

Paper 5: The Effect of Scleral Cross-Linking on Emmetropisation and Eye Shape

McFadden S

University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

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SYMPOSIUM 9: RPE—CHOROIDAL— SCLERAL SIGNALING

Chairs: Xiaoying Zhu, Jody Summers-Rada

Paper 1: A Role for Muscarinic Agonists in the Choroidal Responses to Defocus in Chickens

Nickla D

New England College of Optometry, Boston, Massachusetts

Paper 2: The Retinal Pigment Epithelium as a Signal Relay between Retina, Choroid and Sclera

Wildsoet C

University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California

Paper 3: Molecular Regulation of Choroidal Accommodation

Rada JS

University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Paper 4: Neuronal Control of Choroidal Accommodation: a Morphological Perspective

Schroedl F

Paracelsus University Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria

KEYNOTE LECTURE 4 – Chew Sek-Jin Memorial Lecture: The Unresolved Questions of Myopia: Animal Models and Humans

Thomas T. Norton

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SYMPOSIUM 10: THE ORIGINS OF THE MYOPIC CASCADE: CURRENT ADVANCES GLEANED FROM SMALL ANIMAL MODELS

Chairs: Veluchamy Barathi, Liqin Jiang, Sally McFadden

Paper 1: Outer Segment Photon Catch Distribution and Myopia

Foulds W

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore

Paper 2: Cellular Remodelling in the Mammalian Myopic Retina

Lee E-J

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California

Paper 3: Location of Signals which Control Ocular Growth in the Mammalian Eye

McFadden S

University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

Paper 4: Opposite Modulation of Visual Growth and Refraction by the Dopamine D2 Receptor and Adenosine A2A Receptor Activities during Postnatal Development

Zhou X

Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, China

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TOPIC 4: WHERE ARE GENETIC AND PROTEOMIC APPROACHES LEADING?

SYMPOSIUM 11: GENOME-WIDE STUDIES IN MYOPIA

Chairs: Jeremy Guggenheim, Chris Hammond

Paper 1: A Genome-Wide Association Study for Myopia in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)

Williams C

University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Paper 2: Genome-Wide Association study Identifies a Locus on Chromosome 15q14 for Refractive Errors and Myopia in the General Population

Klaver C

Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Paper 3: Astigmatism Genome-Wide Association Studies

Lopes M

King's College London, London, United Kingdom

Paper 4: Interaction Effects in Genome-Wide Association Studies with Examples from The Framingham Eye Study

Wojciechowski R

National Human Genome Research Institute, Baltimore, Maryland

Paper 5: Where Next—What Do We Do Now with Myopia GWAS Analyses?

Hysi P

King's College London, London, United Kingdom

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SYMPOSIUM 12: PROTEOMIC AND GENETIC SCREENING IN MYOPIA

Chairs: Ruth Schippert, Chi-ho To

Paper 1: Gene Expression Profile in Mouse Model of Experimental Myopia

Barathi VA

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore

Paper 2: Microarray Analysis and Myopia: Recent Findings and Future Possibilities

Schippert R

City College of the City University of New York, New York

Paper 3: Protein Expression Patterns in Tree Shrew Sclera during Minus Lens Compensation and Recovery

Norton TT

University of Alabama, Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama

Paper 4: cAMP Modulates Apolipoprotein A1 Expression during Eye Growth: A Proteomic Approach

To C-H

Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China

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TOPIC 5: HOW DOES VISUAL FUNCTION CONTRIBUTE TO AND INTERACT WITH AMETROPIA?

SYMPOSIUM 13: ACCOMMODATION, BINOCULAR VISION, ABERRATIONS, AND MYOPIA

Chairs: Jane Gwiazda, Susana Marcos

Paper 1: Influence of Aberrations on the Accommodative Response

Gambra E

Instituto de Optica Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Paper 2: Changes in Accommodation from Preschool to PrePresbyopia

Anderson H

University of Houston, Houston, Texas

Paper 3: Accommodation, Convergence and Short Term Axial Length Changes

Collins M

Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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SYMPOSIUM 14: VISUAL FUNCTION IN AMETROPIA

Chairs: Michael Collins, W. Neil Charman

Paper 1: Brief Introduction

Charman WN

University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Paper 2: Factors Influencing Visual Resolution in Myopia after Adaptive Optics Correction of High Order Aberrations

Rossi E

University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California

Paper 3: Blur Adaptation Away from the Fovea—Is It Possible?

Mallen EAH

University of Bradford, Bradford, United Kingdom

Paper 4: Defocus and Short Term Axial Length Changes in Humans

Read S

Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Paper 5: Object Spatial Profile, Blur Perception and Accommodation Thresholds in Emmetropia and Myopia

Seidel D

Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom

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TOPIC 6: DOES EYE SHAPE MATTER?

SYMPOSIUM 15: OFF-AXIS OPTICS AND OFF-AXIS ERROR SIGNALS, LOCAL COMPENSATION OF REFRACTIVE ERRORS

Chairs: Pablo Artal, Juan Tabernero, David Atchison

Paper 1: Retinal Shapes in Young Adult Emmetropic and Myopic Eyes

Atchison D

Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Paper 2: Peripheral Refraction: New Methods to Measure Fast and Comfortably

Tabernero J

Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain

Paper 3: Influence of Accommodation on Peripheral Refraction: Effect of a Novel Optical Design Contact Lens for Manipulating Peripheral Defocus

Ho A

Sydney Institute for Eye Research, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Paper 4: Correcting Peripheral Optics: Impact on Vision

Lundström L

KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

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SYMPOSIUM 16: SPECTACLE OR CONTACT LENS DESIGN TO REDUCE MYOPIA PROGRESSION

Chairs: Anne Seidemann, Dietmar Uttenweiler

Paper 1: Introduction and Brief Overview

Seidemann A

Rodenstock, Germany

Paper 2: Impact of Spectacle Lenses on Peripheral Refractive Errors

Sankaridurg P

University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Paper 3: Challenges in Spectacle Lens Design for Myopic Children

Drobe B

Essilor, Singapore

Paper 4: Impact of Novel Contact Lenses on Progression of Myopia

Holden BA

University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Paper 5: Randomized Clinical Trial of Myopia Control in Myopic Schoolchildren Using the Defocus Incorporated Soft Contact (DISC) Lens

Lam CSY

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China

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TOPIC 7: WHY AMETROPIA AT ALL?

SYMPOSIUM 17: FREE SESSION—IDEAS ON WHY WE MAY BECOME MYOPIC OR HYPEROPIC

Chairs: David Troilo, Tom Norton, Josh Wallman

Paper 1: An Inverse Theory of Myopia: What We Don't Yet Know about Refractive Development

Flitcroft I

Children's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Moderator: Donald O. Mutti

Paper 2: How Might Genetic and Environmental Factors Interact to Produce Refractive Error in “Normal” Eyes?

Norton TT

University of Alabama, Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama

Moderator: Jane Gwiazda

Paper 3: A Possible Role for Peripheral Astigmatism in the Emmetropization of the Eye

Howland HC

Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

Moderator: W. Neil Charman

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SYMPOSIUM POSTERS

POSTER TOPIC 1: HIGH MYOPIA

Poster 1: High Myopia—Partial Reduction Orthokeratology (HM-PRO) Study: Methodology and Preliminary Results

Charm J, Cho P

Poster 2: Biomechanics of Corneoscleral Shell in Hyperopia and Myopia According to Ultrasound Examination Results and Ocular Response Analyzer Data

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Iomdina E, Tarutta E, Kvaratskhelija N, Kruzhkova G

Poster 3: Combined Treatment of Rapidly Progressing Myopia in Children Using Scleroplasty and Orthokeratology

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Tarutta E, Toloraja R, Verzhanskaya T

Poster 4: Is Posterior Scleral Reinforcement Outdated?

Xue A, Kong F, Bao F, Wang Q, Lu F, Qu J

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POSTER TOPIC 2: EPIDEMIOLOGY OF MYOPIA

Poster 5: Prevalence of Myopia among Hong Kong Chinese Schoolchildren

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Chan LYL, Lam CH, Cheng SCK, Fung GKY, Lam CSY

Poster 6: Baseline and 6 Months Results of the ROMIO Study: A Randomized Clinical Trial on Myopic Control Using Orthokeratology

Cheung SW, Cho P

Poster 7: Twelve Years Later: Has the Rate of Myopia in Singapore Deteriorated?

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Chua PY, Yang A, Lin ST, Tey F, Nah G, Saw SM

Poster 8: Age-Related Changes of Pseudomyopia in Exotropia

Fujikado T, Shimojyo H

Poster 9: A Cohort Study of Myopic Refractive Error Progression in Korean Children

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Kim JD, Lee CS, Lee I, Kim TH

Poster 10: Data Collection and Analysis of Subjective Refractions in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)

McMahon G, St Pourcain B, Crawford M, Carmichael D, Northstone K, Guggenheim JA, Williams C

Poster 11: A Systematic Review Studying the Variation of the Prevalence of Myopia in Chinese Populations Around the World

Shu J

Poster 12: Age of First Spectacle Wear in a Population-Based Twin Cohort

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A44

Tah V, Andrew T, Lopes MC, Hysi PG, Carbonaro F, Spector TD, Hammond CJ

Poster 13: Conjunctival and Corneal Conditions Among Myopic Schoolchildren in Hong Kong

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Tang WC, Tang YY, To CH, Lam CSY

Poster 14: The Relationship between the Rank Order in the Distribution of Refractive Error in Parents and Their Children

Xiang F, Morgan IG, He M

Poster 15: Suggestion for a New Classification of Myopia

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Zhikuan Y, Weizhong L, Jian G

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POSTER TOPIC 3: LENS DESIGN AND EFFECTS OF OPTICAL CORRECTION ON MYOPIA DEVELOPMENT

Poster 16: Manipulation of Retinal Defocus to Stimulate Axial Elongation in Hyperopia

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Aller T

Poster 17: Three Year Longitudinal Follow-Up Data on a Clinical Trial of the Efficacy of Multifocal Contact Lenses for Myopia Control

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Howell C

Poster 18: Recovery of Peripheral Refractive Errors in Infant Monkeys with Experimentally Induced Myopia

Huang J, Hung LF, Smith E, III

Poster 19: Clinical Performance of Defocus Incorporated Soft Contact (DISC) Lenses for Myopia Control

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A43

Lam CSY, Tang WC, Tang YY, Tse DY, To CH

Poster 20: Manipulation of the Peripheral Retinal Image Using Two Novel Contact Lens Designs

de la Jara PL, Sankaridurg P, Martinez A, Kwan J, Fedtke C, Ho A, Holden BA

Poster 21: Design, Efficacy and Clinical Use of a Dual-Focus Soft Contact Lens to Slow Myopia Progression

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A45

Phillips J, Anstice N

Poster 22: Individual Off-axis Refraction Patterns in Orthokeratology for Different Myopic Treatments

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Queirós A, González-Méijome JM, Jorge J, Villa-Collar C, Gutiérrez AR

Poster 23: Spectacles with Special Peripheral Power and their Implication on Wearer's Comfort

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A45

Seidemann A, Vazquez D, Uttenweiler D

Poster 24: The Effects of Simultaneous Optical Defocus on the Development of Mammalian Refractive Errors

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A45

Tse DY, Bowrey HE, To CH, Wildsoet CF, McFadden SA

Poster 25: Myopia Control with a Soft Bifocal Contact Lens?

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Walline JJ

Poster 26: The Positive Lenses for Near Work on the Myopia Shift in Chinese PreMyopic Children—6 Month Results

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Wu PC

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POSTER TOPIC 4: LIGHT, OUTDOOR ACTIVITY, AND MYOPIA

Poster 27: Light Exposure Patterns in Children: A Pilot Study

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Backhouse S, Ng H, Phillips J

Poster 28: Myopia and Night Lighting in a Population of Polish Children

Czepita D, Mojsa A, Czepita M, Lachowicz E

Poster 29: Myopic Reduction after Sport Activity

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Jorge J, González-Méijome J, Ramoa-Marques R, Casal C

Poster 30: Family History, Near Work, Outdoor Activity, and Myopia in Singapore Chinese Preschool Children

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A45

Low W, Dirani M, Gazzard G, Chan YH, Zhou HJ, Selvaraj P, Au Eong KG, Young TL, Mitchell P, Wong TY, Saw SM

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POSTER TOPIC 5: MECHANISMS OF EMMETROPIZATION: RETINAL IMAGE PROCESSING AND BIOCHEMICAL MESSENGERS

Poster 31: A Longitudinal Study of Myopia Progression in Young Adults and Associated Nearwork-Induced Transient Myopia

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A48

Alderson A, Mallen EAH

Poster 32: Refractive Changes in Different Sectors of the Guinea Pig Eye after Minus Lens Wear

Bowrey H, Bourke S, Leotta A, Zeng G, Wildsoet C, McFadden S

Poster 33: In the Presence of Massive Blur (Jackson Cross Cylinders), Lens-Compensation Relies More on Chromatic Cues

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A49

Cernota N, Rucker F, Wallman J

Poster 34: Selective Breeding For Susceptibility to Form-Deprivation Myopia in White Leghorn Chickens

Chen YP, Hocking PM, To CH, Erichsen JT, Schaeffel F, Guggenheim JA

Poster 35: Effects of Form-Deprivation on Eye Shape in Chicks

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A45

Chu CH, Deng L, Kee CS

Poster 36: Localizations of Apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) in Myopic and Hyperopic Chick Retinas

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Chun RKM, Wong CL, Li KK, To CH

Poster 37: Effect of 7-Methylxanthine on the Human Scleral Fibroblasts Cultured in Vitro

Cui D, Trier K, Zeng J, Wan W, Yang X, Ge J

Poster 38: About the Energy of the Radiation in the Retina and Its Possible Connection with the Detection of the Defocus—A Theoretical Approach

Ennemoser A

Poster 39: Relationship between Annual Refractive Error Changes and Changes in Ocular Biometric Data in Chinese Children

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A45

Fedtke C, de la Jara PL, Sankaridurg P, Kwan J, Ho A, Holden BA

Poster 40: On the Interplay between Basic Eye Growth and Myopic Elongation. The Juvenile Ocular Growth Curve, Based on IOL-Master Measurements

Fledelius HC

Poster 41: Retinal Angiopoietin-2 and Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzyme E2N Expession after Short Term Exposure to Myopic and Hyperopic Defocus

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Weber P, Burkhardt E, Marchã Penha A, Feldkaemper M

Poster 42: Chicks Selectively Bred for High or Low Susceptibility to Form-Deprivation Myopia Show Differential Responses to Minus, but Not Plus, Lens Wear

Guggenheim JA, Chen YP, Hocking PM, To CH, Erichsen JT, Feldkaemper M, Schaeffel F

Poster 43: Characteristics of Multifocal Electroretinogram (mfERG) in Children with Low to Moderate Myopia

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Ho WC, Kee CS, Chan HHL

Poster 44: The Effects of Hemi-Field Form Deprivation and Optical Defocus on Astigmatism in Infant Rhesus Monkeys

Hung LF, Huang J, Smith E, III

Poster 45: A Two Year Follow-Up of Refractive Error Progression and Optical Component Changes of College Students

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Jang M, Kim D, Baik HW, Baek SS, Kim HS, Mah K

Poster 46: Effects of Atropine on Deprivation Myopia and on Naturally Occurring “Spontaneous Myopia” in the Guinea Pig

Jiang L, Yang Y, Zhang S, Ye L, Zhou X, Qu J

Poster 47: Hyperopic Defocus is a Weak, Long Lasting Signal

Leotta A, Leeson K, McFadden SA

Poster 48: Transforming Growth Factor-Beta in the Chicken Fundal Layers and Effects of Visual Experience: An Immunohistochemical Study

Mathis U, Schaeffel F

Poster 49: Intrinsic Signal Responding to Spatially Separated Optical Stimuli in Optical Imaging of the Retina

Mihashi T, Hirohara Y, Kanda H, Morimoto T, Miyoshi T, Fujikado T

Poster 50: Pupil Diameter in Emmetropia, Myopia and Hyperopia

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Orr J, Gray LS, Seidel D, Day M, Strang NC

Poster 51: Photoreceptor Influence on Refractive Development and Form Deprivation

Pardue MT, Jabbar SB, Qazi Y, Schmid G, Abey J, Nickerson J, Iuvone PM

Poster 52: Reduction in Cell Density of bNOS Immunoreactive Displaced Amacrine Cells in Myopic Guinea Pig Retinas

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A50

Romero del Hombrebueno JM, Lee EJ, Zeng G, De Juan J, Grzywacz NM, McFadden SA

Poster 53: The Effect of the Growth Hormone on the Axial Elongation of Rat Eye

Solomon AS, Hagin D

Poster 54: Responses of Different Retinal Areas to Imposed Defocus in Chicks

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A49

Tepelus TC, Schaeffel F

Poster 55: Efficacy of Systemic 7-Methylxanthine in Preventing Myopia Progression

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A48

Trier K, Munk-Ribel-Madsen S, Cui D

Poster 56: Visual Acuity, Refractive Status and Accommodation in Octopus Gibbsi

Turnbull P, Backhouse S, Phillips J

Poster 57: Sustained Nearwork on the Ocular Development in Juvenile Rhesus Monkeys

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A45

Weizhong L, Zhen L, Wen L, Zhikuan Y

Poster 58: Cyclic AMP Inhibits Lens-Induced Myopia Development in Chicks

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A50

Wong CL, Chun RKM, Chung RHL, Li KK, To CH, Do CW

Poster 59: Differentially Protein Expression using Two-Dimensional Salt Plug Mass Spectrometry Techniques

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Yu FJ, Li KK, Lam T, To CH

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POSTER TOPIC 6: GENES AND MYOPIA

Poster 60: Analysis of Epistasis and Genetic Pathways in Association with Refractive Error

Hysi PG, Young TL, Mackey DA, Rahi JS, Hammond CJ

Poster 61: Common Polymorphisms in the COL11A1, PLOD and FBN1 Genes are Not Associated with Susceptibility to High Myopia—Use of a DNA Pooling Approach

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A49

Leung KH, Yap MKH, Fung WY, Ng PW, Yip SP

Poster 62: Quantitative Genome-Wide Association Study of Axial Length

Meng W, Butterworth J, Malecaze F, Calvas P

Poster 63: AC and AG Dinucleotide Repeats in the PAX6 P1 Promoter Are Associated with High Myopia

Ng TK, Lam CY, Lam DSC, Chiang SWY, Tam POS, Wang DY, Fan BJ, Yam GHF, Fan DSP, Pang CP

Poster 64: Genetic Heterogeneity of Myopia Susceptibility in an Ashkenazi Jewish Population

Simpson CL, Wojciechowski R, Stambolian D, Bailey-Wilson JE

Poster 65: Mapping of Genetic Variants Underlying High Myopia and High Hypermetropia in the Western Isles of Scotland

Vitart VI, MacKay S, Campbell H, Pyott A, Wright A

Poster 66: Association Mapping of Myopia Susceptibility Genes by a DNA Pooling Strategy: Study of Candidate Genes Expressed in Scleral Extracellular Matrix

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A49

Yip SP, Leung KH, Fung WY, Ng PW, Yap MKH

Poster 67: Genetic Susceptibility to High Myopia: Investigating Candidate Genes Involved in the Early Part Of Potential Biological Pathways

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A49

Yiu CWC, Ng PW, Fung WY, Yap MKH, Yip SP

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POSTER TOPIC 7: ABERRATIONS AND ACCOMMODATION IN MYOPIA

Poster 68: Accommodation in the Deep-Blue: Why Do We Over-Accommodate and Accept Myopic Defocus?

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Graef K, Schaeffel F

Poster 69: Wavefront Aberration Sensitivity of Intraocular Lens Implantation Position in Myopic Eyes

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Guo H, Wang Y, Goncharov A, O'Donoghue E, Dainty C

Poster 70: Accommodation to Peripheral Stimuli in Myopes and Emmetropes

Hartwig A, Charman WN, Radhakrishnan H

Poster 71: Peripheral Optical Errors and Their Change with Accommodation Differ between Emmetropic and Myopic Eyes

Lundstrom L, Mira-Agudelo A, Artal P

Poster 72: Refractive Astigmatism in School-Children in the United Kingdom

O'Donoghue L, Rudnicka AR, McClelland JF, Logan N, Owen CG, Saunders KJ

Poster 73: Accommodation in Young Adults with Anisometropia Induced with a Contact Lens Monovision Prescription

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A50

Owens H, Phillips J

Poster 74: Influence of Target Spatial Content on Accommodation Response Dynamics

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A44

Rae S, van der Linde I, Shorrock H, Pardhan S

Poster 75: Accommodation Step Responses in Myopes

Strang NC, Day M, Seidel D, Gray LS

Poster 76: Does the Cornea Take Part in the Accommodation of the Myopic Eye?

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A51

Tarasova N, Tarutta E, Iomdina E, Khodzhabekyan N

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POSTER TOPIC 8: PERIPHERAL OPTICS AND ITS INTERACTIONS WITH MYOPIA

Poster 77: Longitudinal Observations on the Role of the Peripheral Refraction Profile in Myopia Development

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Cagnolati B, Strang NC, Gray LS

Poster 78: Realization and Evaluation of “Cheap” Tests for the Analysis of Peripheral Refraction

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A50

Casiraghi A, Tait R

Poster 79: Peripheral Retinal Defocus is Associated with Progression of Central Refractive Error: Results from a Longitudinal Study

Chen X, Sankaridurg P, Lin X, Holden BA, Ge J

Poster 80: Peripheral Refraction Along Oblique Meridians in Emmetropes and Myopes

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A44

Ehsaei A, Chisholm CM, Mallen EAH, Pacey IE

Poster 81: OK Lenses and Peripheral Refraction in Myopic Children

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A51

Kang P, Swarbrick H

Poster 82: Association between Peripheral Refractive Error Profiles and Myopia Risk Factors

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A50

Kwan J, Sankaridurg P, Lazon de la Jara P, Chen X, Fedtke C, Donovan L, Ho A, Ge J, Holden BA

Poster 83: Changes in Peripheral Refraction in Children of Different Refractive Errors and Rates of Myopic Progression—6-Month Results

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A51

Lee TT, Cho P

Poster 84: Peripheral Aberrations in Myopia

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A44

Mathur S, Atchison DA, Charman WN

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POSTER TOPIC 9: SPATIAL VISION AND BLUR ADAPTATION

Poster 85: Psychophysical Measurements of Blur Adaptation in Myopia

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Collins A, Backhouse S, Tan E, Thompson B

Poster 86: Peripheral Objective Blur Thresholds in Emmetropes and Myopes

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Duffy L, Day M, Seidel D, Gray LS, Strang NC

Poster 87: Effect of Blur Adaptation on Pattern Visually Evoked Potential

Mallen EAH, Mankowska A, Cufflin M, McKeefry D

Poster 88: Spatial Visual Performance for Simulated and Real Spherical and Astigmatic Defocus

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Ohlendorf A, Tabernero J, Schaeffel F

Poster 89: Do Proximal and Distal Objective Depth of Focus Differ in Myopes?

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A50

Pardhan S, Shorrock H, van der Linde I, Rae S

Poster 90: Influence of Target Spatial Content and Aberrations on Perceptual Blur Sensitivity

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A51

Shorrock H, Rae S, van der Linde I, Pardhan S

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POSTER TOPIC 10: TECHNIQUES AND INSTRUMENTS FOR MYOPIA RESEARCH

Poster 91: Inter-Examiner Repeatability of the Zeiss IOL Master on PostPrimary School Children Aged 15 to 16 years

Breslin KMM, Saunders KJ, O'Donoghue L, McClelland JF

Poster 92: A Head Mounted, Open-Field, Binocular Device to Measure Pupil Size and Refractive Error in Real-Time

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Day M, Seidel D, Strang NC, Gray LS

Poster 93: “My Europia”—Structured European Education for Ambitious Young Researchers in Myopia Research

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A51

Diether S, Artal P, Calvas P, Feldkaemper M, Guggenheim JA, Hammond CJ, Malecaze F, Reichenbach A, Seidemann A, Uttenweiler D, Wheeler-Schilling T, Schaeffel F

Poster 94: Fast Peripheral Refraction Scanners: Comparison of Two Instruments

Jaeken B, Tabernero J, Schaeffel F, Artal P

Poster 95: ROC Curve Analysis of Visual Acuity and Auto Refractometer Screening for Refractive Error in Elementary School Children

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A47

Mah K, Lee K, Hwang H

Poster 96: Development of Optical Techniques for Myopia Research

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A46

Schaeffel F, Kaymak H, Tabernero J

Poster 97: How Representative is the Representative Value from Shin-Nippon NVision-K 5001 Autorefractor?

http://links.lww.com/OPX/A50

Tang YY, Tang WC, To CH, Lam CSY

Poster 98: Highly Reproducible Swept-Source Dispersion Encoded Full-Range OCT for Biometry and Imaging of Small Animal Eye

Wang L, Hofer B, Chen YP, Guggenheim JA, Drexler W, Považay B

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© 2011 American Academy of Optometry

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