Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between risk factors and failing vision screening tests to better identify populations at high risk for age-related eye diseases and vision impairments.
Methods: A retrospective review of 839 vision screening forms from an ongoing vision screening program in Omaha, Nebraska, was conducted. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used.
Results: Sex, age, ethnicity, and persistent pain were independently associated with failing the visual field test in multivariate analysis. Persistent pain and glaucoma diagnosis were independently associated with failing the visual acuity test.
Conclusions: Female sex, age older than 65, African American or Hispanic ethnicity, glaucoma diagnosis, and persistent eye pain were significant risk factors for failing a vision screening test. Vision screenings should focus on targeting populations that exhibit these risk factors.