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Visual Fatigue and Accommodative Dynamics in Asymptomatic Individuals

Thiagarajan, Preethi*; Ciuffreda, Kenneth J.

doi: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e31827a233e
Original Articles

Purpose: To evaluate accommodative dynamics immediately before and after visual fatigue-inducing tasks with congruent (C) and noncongruent (NC) visual stimuli.

Methods: Accommodative dynamics for a 2-diopter (D) step (2.5 ↔ 4.5 D) stimulus were assessed using the WAM-5500 open-field autorefractor in 10 visually normal, asymptomatic, young-adult subjects before and after C and NC tasks performed on different days in a counterbalanced manner. For the C task, subjects altered binocular fixation (50 cycles) between reduced Snellen charts at 50 and 20 cm every 3 seconds to the beat of a metronome. For the NC task, subjects performed 50 cycles of accommodative flipper (±1.5 D) as rapidly as possible while binocularly fixating on a reduced Snellen chart at 40 cm.

Results: Mean steady-state (SS) response level reflecting its accuracy was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced post-NC task for both increasing (4.5-D level) and decreasing (2.5-D) accommodation. Although the SS response variability was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased post-NC task at the 4.5-D stimulus level, it did not change significantly (p > 0.05) for the C task. There were no significant differences between the pretask and posttask group mean initial amplitude, time constant, and peak velocity for either the C or the NC task for both increasing and decreasing accommodation.

Conclusions: The accommodative system exhibited consistent fatigue effects with respect to SS variability and response accuracy. There was no objective evidence of oculomotor learning for these specific tasks.

*OD, MS, FAAO

OD, PhD, FAAO

Department of Biological and Vision Sciences, SUNY State College of Optometry, New York, New York.

Preethi Thiagarajan Department of Biological and Vision Sciences SUNY State College of Optometry 33 West 42nd St New York, New York 10036 e-mail: pthiagarajan@sunyopt.edu

© 2013 American Academy of Optometry