Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Optical Performance of Multifocal Soft Contact Lenses via a Single-Pass Method

Bakaraju, Ravi C.; Ehrmann, Klaus; Falk, Darrin; Ho, Arthur; Papas, Eric

doi: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e318264f3e9
Original Articles

Purpose. A physical model eye capable of carrying soft contact lenses (CLs) was used as a platform to evaluate optical performance of several commercial multifocals (MFCLs) with high- and low-add powers and a single-vision control.

Methods. Optical performance was evaluated at three pupil sizes, six target vergences, and five CL-correcting positions using a spatially filtered monochromatic (632.8 nm) light source. The various target vergences were achieved by using negative trial lenses. A photosensor in the retinal plane recorded the image point-spread that enabled the computation of visual Strehl ratios. The centration of CLs was monitored by an additional integrated en face camera. Hydration of the correcting lens was maintained using a humidity chamber and repeated instillations of rewetting saline drops.

Results. All the MFCLs reduced performance for distance but considerably improved performance along the range of distance to near target vergences, relative to the single-vision CL. Performance was dependent on add power, design, pupil, and centration of the correcting CLs. Proclear (D) design produced good performance for intermediate vision, whereas Proclear (N) design performed well at near vision (p < 0.05). AirOptix design exhibited good performance for distance and intermediate vision. PureVision design showed improved performance across the test vergences, but only for pupils ≥4 mm in diameter. Performance of Acuvue bifocal was comparable with other MFCLs, but only for pupils >4 mm in diameter. Acuvue Oasys bifocal produced performance comparable with single-vision CL for most vergences.

Conclusions. Direct measurement of single-pass images at the retinal plane of a physical model eye used in conjunction with various MFCLs is demonstrated. This method may have utility in evaluating the relative effectiveness of commercial and prototype designs.

*BOptom, PhD, FAAO

MEng, PhD


§MOptom, PhD, FAAO

MCOptom, PhD, FAAO

Brien Holden Vision Institute, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, Vision Cooperative Research Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, and School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Received September 26, 2011; accepted May 3, 2012.

Ravi C. Bakaraju University of New South Wales Level 5, Rupert Myers NW, Gate 14, Barker St Kensington, NSW 2033 Australia e-mail:

© 2012 American Academy of Optometry