Purpose: To compare the effectiveness, complications, and patient acceptance of local anesthesia with general anesthesia in young patients for external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR).
Methods: Data were prospectively collected over an 8-year period (1996–2004) on young patients (mean age: 22.64±1.71) undergoing external DCR in Gülhane Military Medical Academy. Patients were randomly allocated in two groups: general anesthesia (GA) and local anesthesia (LA). Of the 480 DCR procedures, 182 were performed with general anesthesia (44 bilateral), 298 were performed with local anesthesia (32 bilateral). Visual analogue scales were recorded in the postoperative 2-hour period. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), epistaxis, length of hospital stay, and intraoperative bleeding were noted.
Results: Patients in both groups reported being comfortable during and immediately after surgery. Only 2 patients in the LA group required additional local anesthetic because of pain. Intraoperative bleeding was lower in the LA group. Analgesic requirement and signs of nausea and vomiting in the GA group were higher in the early postoperative period (p<0.05). The incidence of PONV was higher (p<0.05) in the GA group. Postoperative epistaxis was observed in 12 patients in the GA group and just 2 patients in the LA group. Length of hospital stay was 2.29±0.46 days in the GA group, and 1.23±0.42 days in the LA group (p<0.01).
Conclusions: Local anesthesia in DCR is safe and comfortable when proper anatomical approach to nerve blocks is performed correctly. Local anesthesia in young patients undergoing external DCR is a good alternative because it is cost-effective and it eliminates the complications of general anesthesia.
The comparison of local and general anesthesia for external dacryocystorhinostomy in young patients shows that local anesthesia is acceptable, comfortable, and has lower rates of complications when a proper local anesthetic technique is applied.
Departments of *Ophthalmology and †Anesthesiology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Accepted January 5, 2005.
This study was presented as a poster at the 22nd Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Congress, 2004, Leuven, Belgium.
Correspondence to Ferda Ciftci, M.D., MESA Koru Evleri, Cicekci Bostan Sok., C-8 Daire:6 34662 Altunizade-Uskudar, Istanbul, Turkey. E-mail email@example.com