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Saturday, January 25, 2014
Why Oncologists Lag on Palliative Care

It has been more than two years since the American Society of Clinical Oncology published its provisional clinical opinion (PCO) on early palliative care, which says that “combined standard oncology care and palliative care should be considered early in the course of illness for any patient with metastatic cancer and/or high symptom burden” (which I wrote about in OT’s 3/25/12 issue).

 

But oncologists are not all on board. As shown in an Early Release article in the Journal of Oncology Practice, research conducted at three cancer centers that have well-established outpatient palliative care clinics found that 22 of the 74 medical oncologists interviewed believe that palliative care is an alternative to chemotherapy, rather than complementary care.

 

The interviews were conducted in 2012; the ASCO Board of Directors approved the PCO in November 2011 and published it in February 2012. (Click here to hear Thomas J. Smith, MD, Director of Palliative Medicine at Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, discuss ASCO’s decision to issue the PCO.)

 

“There is a significant minority of oncologists who feel that palliative care is incompatible with chemotherapy even though that is no longer supported by guidelines,” said the lead author of the JOP  study, Yael Schenker, MD, MS, a palliative care specialist at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) in Pennsylvania.

 

The qualitative study involved oncologists at UPCI, the University of California San Francisco Helen Diller Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Mount Sinai Tisch Cancer Institute.

 

That fundamental disagreement about the appropriate use of palliative care is one of three barriers to early referrals for palliative care that the researchers identified. The others are:

·    The belief that providing palliative care is the medical oncologist’s responsibility and should not be referred to a subspecialist; and

·    Lack of knowledge about available palliative services or understanding of how and when to make a referral

 

“We still have work to do about raising the awareness of palliative care,” Dr. Schenker said in an interview. Analysis of the interviews identified several recommendations on ways to improve the use of early palliative care:

·    Provider education about available services. One participant said that simply having the palliative care team introduced at an oncology clinic would improve awareness;

·    Provider education about what palliative care means and the benefits to patients. Some interviewees equate palliative care with hospice or “abandoning” patients; and

·    The development and testing of new practice models that allow oncologists and palliative care specialists to collaborate and integrate their work. Some oncologists believe that palliative care is their responsibility and do not want to share the role with other physicians.

 

“Even at academic cancer centers where palliative care is well established, we find a wide range of oncologists’ views about these services,” Dr. Schenker said. “Culture does change, but it changes slowly.”

 

1/28/2014
Dr. Jon Schwartz said:
This is about the purveyors of central planning trying to get their dirty mitts into every aspect of practice so they can control things in accordance with their totalitarian mindset and ultimately ration all care.We take care of human beings not data points in some central planners daily plan book.Let us treat individuals as individuals. How to you give hope to people who are frightened to death on one hand and have the grim reaper working along side them at the same time? Only docs who do not care directly for pts and their collaborators think this is the way to practice medicine. If they were really honest, they would admit that plans like this, like all of 'evidence based medicine' is just an attempt to centralize decision making in order to ration care and destroy the individual.In the old days before the Left took over academia and government, doctors advocated for the individual over system.Now we are mandated to advocate the system over the individual.
About the Author

Lola Butcher
LOLA BUTCHER, MPA, MA, an award-winning Contributing Writer for Oncology Times, writes about health policy and business trends. She is a frequent contributor to Hospitals & Health Networks, Modern Physician, Neurology Today, and other health care trade publications. This blog was recently recognized with an APEX Award for Publication Excellence.