In recent years, vitamin D deficiency has been implicated, by predominantly observational studies, in a wide variety of ailments including skeletal disease, cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, mental and neurologic disorders, and various etiologies of adverse pregnancy outcome. The following is a review of the physiology of vitamin D, clinical signs and symptoms of inadequate and excessive vitamin D, and the literature purporting its many presumed health benefits.
Target Audience: Obstetricians and gynecologists, family physicians
Learning Objectives: After completing this CME activity, physicians should be better able to explain how vitamin D is utilized and critically analyze the multiple health claims of vitamin D.
*Board Certified OB/GYN and Maternal Fetal Medicine, Partner, Specialty Obstetrics of San Diego, San Diego, CA; †Perinatologist, Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women & Newborns, San Diego, CA; ‡Active Obstetrical Nurse, Locum Tenums, San Diego, CA
All authors and staff in a position to control the content of this CME activity and their spouses/life partners (if any) have disclosed that they have no financial relationships with, or financial interests in, any commercial organizations pertaining to this educational activity.
Correspondence requests to: Norman B. Duerbeck MD FACOG, Specialty Obstetrics of San Diego, 12264 El Camino Real Suite 204, San Diego, CA, 92130. E-mail: email@example.com.