Regional anesthesia has become a hallmark of modern obstetric anesthesia practice and a paramount technique for labor analgesia. Neurologic complications associated with present-day labor analgesia are thought to be unusual; however, they can occasionally complicate peripartum obstetric and anesthetic management of pregnant patients. To date, no review article in obstetric literature has specifically addressed the issue of possible neurologic anesthetic complications attributed to labor analgesia. Therefore, a series of systemic literature searches (Medline) to identify the articles on neurologic complication of labor analgesia was conducted. This review article summarizes the evidence from published articles on this topic, with particular emphasis on the mechanism of neurologic injury, lidocaine-related transient neurologic symptoms, anticoagulation and vascular compromise, diagnostic evaluation, and prevention of neurologic obstetric anesthesia-related neurologic injury in pregnancy.
Target Audience: Obstetricians & Gynecologists, Family Physicians
Learning Objectives: After completion of this article, the reader should be able to list the mechanisms of neurologic injuries associated with obstetric analgesia, to outline potential factors that are associated with neurologic injury, and to describe the usual evaluation of a patient with a suspected neurologic injury.