Many factors influence the rising levels of obesity including changes in activity and dietary patterns. National dietary surveys are valuable tools for identifying sources of energy, including sugar, in a population. However, these surveys use diaries that aim to capture food intake rather than fluid intake and may underestimate beverage and therefore energy intakes. A study of 1456 children and adults was conducted in the United Kingdom using a 7-day fluid specific intake diary. Total daily intakes of beverages were higher in all ages compared with previous surveys. However, 30% of adults and more than 50% of children did not meet European adequate intake for total water. Children consumed on average 175 kcal/d as still or carbonated soft drinks. This fluid-specific survey raises concerns about the total and type of fluids consumed by both adults and children in the United Kingdom.
Joan Gandy, PhD, RD, is a dietetic consultant and fellow of the British Dietetic Association, Birmingham, England.
The author has declared that she is employed as a consultant for Danone.
Correspondence: Joan Gandy, PhD, RD, British Dietetic Association, 5th Floor Charles House, 148-9 Great Charles St, Queensway, Birmingham, B3 3HT, United Kingdom (firstname.lastname@example.org).