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First Findings of the United Kingdom Fluid Intake Study

Gandy, Joan PhD, RD

doi: 10.1097/NT.0b013e31826265e3
Feature Article

Many factors influence the rising levels of obesity including changes in activity and dietary patterns. National dietary surveys are valuable tools for identifying sources of energy, including sugar, in a population. However, these surveys use diaries that aim to capture food intake rather than fluid intake and may underestimate beverage and therefore energy intakes. A study of 1456 children and adults was conducted in the United Kingdom using a 7-day fluid specific intake diary. Total daily intakes of beverages were higher in all ages compared with previous surveys. However, 30% of adults and more than 50% of children did not meet European adequate intake for total water. Children consumed on average 175 kcal/d as still or carbonated soft drinks. This fluid-specific survey raises concerns about the total and type of fluids consumed by both adults and children in the United Kingdom.

Joan Gandy, PhD, RD, is a dietetic consultant and fellow of the British Dietetic Association, Birmingham, England.

The author has declared that she is employed as a consultant for Danone.

Correspondence: Joan Gandy, PhD, RD, British Dietetic Association, 5th Floor Charles House, 148-9 Great Charles St, Queensway, Birmingham, B3 3HT, United Kingdom (

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.