A proposed approach to help address the fiber shortfall in the diets of Americans has been to increase intake of whole grains. The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommended for the first time that all age groups consume at least half their grain servings as whole grains as 1 way to help achieve fiber recommendations. Yet the amount of fiber in products promoting their whole-grain content can vary substantially. Differences in the nutrient composition of whole-grain sources, variations in the amount of whole grain used in prepared products, and limitations in current whole-grain label statements all contribute to broad disparities in the fiber content. Current MyPlate meal patterns recommend whole-grain consumption at a level providing about one-quarter to one-third of daily fiber needs. To help close the fiber gap, we must educate consumers on how to find whole-grain foods that provide at least a good source of fiber as well as encourage the intake of any grain food that provides fiber. This is particularly important given the role of fiber in whole-grain health benefits.