Despite the rising rates of obesity, many Americans are not meeting their dietary needs for essential nutrients. Diets that are energy-rich but nutrient-poor lead to obesity and the underconsumption of several nutrients, including calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, vitamin B12, vitamin D, and folic acid. One way to assist the increasingly undernourished yet overfed American consumer in selecting nutrient-rich diets is to develop a science-based system of nutrient profiling that will help clearly identify healthful, nutrient-rich foods. The American Society for Nutrition Scientific Sessions and Annual Meeting at Experimental Biology 2008 featured a Public Information Committee symposium on nutrient profiling. The session, "Nutrition Profiling: Global Policies and Perspectives," addressed science-based approaches to nutrient profiling from a global policy perspective in the hope that a better understanding of the implications of nutrient profiling in regulatory, industry, and consumer settings may provide insights for future nutrition policy and consumer guidance
A total diet approach to defining "nutritious"
Gregory D. Miller, PhD, is executive vice president of science and research for the National Dairy Council and adjunct associate professor in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition at the University of Illinois. An expert in health and nutrition, Dr Miller has presented more than 100 invited lectures at national and international meetings and has published more than 140 research papers, reviews, articles, and abstracts on various nutrition topics. He has coedited 3 books on diet, nutrition, and toxicology and has contributed chapters to 9 other books. He is coauthor of the Handbook of Dairy Foods and Nutrition, first, second, and third editions. Dr Miller was formerly president of the American College of Nutrition, where he also served as a member of the board of directors, as secretary/treasurer, and as vice president. Dr Miller is past chair of the Public Information Committee for the American Society for Nutrition.
Adam Drewnowski, PhD, is director of the Nutritional Sciences Program and professor of epidemiology and medicine at the University of Washington in Seattle. He also serves as director of the Center for Public Health Nutrition and the Exploratory Center for Obesity Research and is a joint member of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.
Janet King, PhD, RD, is professor of nutrition and internal medicine at the University of California, Davis; a professor of nutrition at the University of California, Berkeley; and a scientist at Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute. King is past-chair of the 2005 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee and is a current member of the National Academy of Science, Institute of Medicine.
Michael Gibney, PhD, is director of the University College Dublin Institute of Food and Health. Gibney was a visiting professor of nutrition at Trinity College Dublin and is a former president of the Nutrition Society, London. In 2006, Gibney chaired an important ILSI Europe Workshop entitled "Nutritional Characterization of Foods: Science Based Approach to Nutrient Profiling."
Roger Clemens, DrPH, is associate director of the regulatory science program at the University of Southern California School of Pharmacy. Clemens has more than 25 years of experience in the food industry and academia and is an active member of the American Society for Nutrition.
Corresponding author: Gregory D. Miller, PhD, National Dairy Council, 10255 West Higgins Rd, Suite 900, Rosemont, IL 60018 (firstname.lastname@example.org).