Information for Authors

Purpose

Ethical and legal considerations

Manuscript preparation

Initial submission

After submission

Revisions

After acceptance

Purpose

Editorial mission

The editorial mission of Nursing Research is to report scientific research findings that advance understanding of all aspects of health. Research across the spectrum of biological, behavioral, psychosocial, and spiritual factors in health is published. Research that investigates links across scales of bio-social organization, from cells to society, is welcome. Nursing intervention and outcome research is a critical aspect of the editorial focus of Nursing Research. Basic, translational, and clinical research is published.

Topics of interest include but are not limited to:

  • Health and illness experiences of individuals, families, and communities across the life span (including symptom science, wellness, quality of life, end-of-life, health trajectories, omics and the microbiome, health context, health behavior);
  • The impact of therapeutic actions on health promotion, disease prevention, comfort during illness, and peace at end of life (including personalized health interventions, self-management, palliative care, nursing interventions, technology-based interventions, behavior change);
  • Nursing systems and nursing resource management (including nursing economics and patient safety research); and  
  • Translation of research findings to practice (including comparative effectiveness research and meta-analysis).  
  • Note: Papers about nursing education are considered only if they focus on nursing scientist career development (such as: curriculum and instruction in research methods and research utilization in practice; pre- and post-doctoral training in nursing science; scientific workforce in nursing)

Nursing Research strives to publish papers that take advantage of advances in methodology. For that reason, papers describing or illustrating advances in methodological techniques and approaches relevant to nursing research are welcome.

Nursing Research is a peer reviewed journal.

Article types considered

Regular articles are reports of empirical findings from the highest quality basic and clinical research studies within the scope of the editorial focus of the journal. Findings from studies utilizing diverse approaches are relevant, including: qualitative methods; measurement including development and evaluation of instrumentation; observational, quasi-experimental, and experimental studies (randomized clinical trials [RCTs]); e-science, information-based studies; and mixed method designs.

Brief reports are shorter papers used for pilot or other smaller scale studies, project protocols, and some methods articles. Brief reports that include empirical findings should include a description of methods sufficient to allow replication of the work by other investigators.

Meta-analysis and meta-synthesis papers are welcome. Papers should be prepared as regular articles. (Prior registration of protocols is not required, but is recommended. See the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews [PROSPERO; http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/], the Cochrane Methods Group [http://methods.cochrane.org/pma/how-register-prospective-meta-analysis]).

Biology reviews are integrative or systematic reviews of current advances in basic biological sciences and translational research relevant to emerging areas of nursing science, such as: genetics, genomics, epigenetics, other omics; systems biology/integrative physiology; bioengineering and nursing science;  neuroscience and imaging; computational biology; microbiology and the human microbiome; nanoscience; physiology in situ and mobile health devices. Papers should be prepared as regular, full-length articles.

Methods papers are articles that describe application of advancing methodologies in nursing research or that describe advances in methodology motivated by challenges of nursing research.  Methods submissions may include secondary analysis that uses innovative, leading edge approaches or approaches to overcome problems in data management or analysis. Papers may be prepared as full-length articles or brief reports and may address quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methods advances.

Pilot study papers are brief reports of findings with important implications for the design of future research projects. Pilot RCTs should emphasize feasibility, not efficacy estimation. Implications for design of full-scale projects should be addressed.

Project protocols papers are brief reports describing and documenting the methods for large-scale projects with potential to advance the science.

Letters to the editor are comments arising from published papers. Letters will be shared with authors. Letters and responses receive editorial review only. Select letters and responses may be accepted for publication. Letters and responses are limited to 450 words. Letters and responses may be edited.

Article types not considered

Stand-alone theory papers are not reviewed or published. Papers about nursing education are not published except when focused on nursing scientist career development, as noted above. Integrative reviews are not published except as part of the Biology Review series (see special calls, below).

Special calls and ongoing series

Special calls for papers and ongoing series identify areas of nursing science of current priority for publication. Information is posted on the Calls for Papers tab on the Nursing Research homepage at: http://journals.lww.com/nursingresearchonline/Pages/callforpapers.aspx

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) must be registered

To be considered for peer review, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) must have been registered before enrollment of the first participant. This requirement applies to pilot and full-scale RCTs. Registration is also required for consideration of brief reports describing protocols for full-scale RCTs.  Reports of findings from unregistered clinical trials will be returned and will not be peer reviewed.

Trials should be registered on acceptable databases listed at one of these sites:

WHO
http://www.who.int/ictrp/network/primary/en/index.html
CLINICALTRIALS.GOV
https://clinicaltrials.gov/

Include the registry and trial number on the title page of the manuscript and in response to the Author Questionnaire item about clinical trial registration.  For more information, see ICMJE/Clinical Trial Registration at: http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/publishing-and-editorial-issues/clinical-trial-registration.html

Queries preceding submission

The Editor welcomes manuscripts of relevance and interest to research in nursing. It is advisable (but not required) to precede submission with an email message of inquiry. Queries allow the Editor to indicate interest in, and give developmental advice on, manuscript ideas. Send queries to the Editor at henly003@umn.edu. Please attach a structured abstract, including draft title.

Peer Review

Nursing Research is a peer-reviewed journal.

Ethical and legal considerations

Nursing Research strives for the highest ethical standards in editorial and publishing conduct. To that end, Nursing Research is a member of the Committee for Publication Ethics (COPE; publicationethics.org). Nursing Research follows the ethical and legal standards outlined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.; apastyle.org) and reporting of Conflicts of Interest as outlined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE; http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/author-responsibilities--conflicts-of-interest.html). Every effort is made to ensure the validity and integrity of published papers, but final responsibility for the content rests with authors, not Nursing Research, its editors, reviewers, or the publisher.

Manuscript originality

Manuscripts submitted for consideration must be original. This means that:

  1. The paper or parts of it must not have been previously published in any format or any language. (Previous publication as an abstract or presentation at professional meetings does not preclude publication; contact the Editor if you have questions.) 
  2. Recycled text should not be used.
  3. The paper should not be under review at any other journal.
  4. Overlap with related papers must be clearly described (see below). Related papers must be cited. "What this paper adds" should be clearly stated.

Nursing Research uses plagiarism detection software. The editors also consult publication databases to obtain related papers needed to assess originality of a submission.

Overlap with other manuscripts

Supplementary, secondary, or related papers based on the same project may be justified in some circumstances. Authors must make relevant information available to the Editor so that an informed judgement about whether the new information in a related paper is adequate to justify publication can be made.

Individual papers must make independent contributions to the literature and care must be taken to ensure that overlapping papers do not interfere with clarity of communication in the wider literature. The Editor must be alerted whenever a paper is based on a dataset or subset of it that is also used for other published papers or papers under review. Complete citation information must be provided to the Editor. At the discretion of authors, citation information on the reference list may be redacted for blind peer review. Discovery of failure of the authors to inform the editor of overlapping papers may result in rejection without further consideration.

Protection of rights of human participants in research and animal care ethics

Authors must provide assurance that standards for the ethical conduct of research have been followed. Procedures for the protection of the rights and dignity of human participants should be described. Regulatory and ethical considerations in the use and care of animals in research must be addressed. Research practices and procedures must be such that biosafety hazards are prevented. An explicit statement should be made in the Methods section of the paper, and in the cover letter, affirming the status of the protocol following review by the ethical board with responsibility for overseeing research protection of human subjects, use and care of animals, and ensuring biosafety in research, as applicable.

Authorship

All individuals listed in the by-line of any type of article must fully meet criteria for authorship. Individuals making other contributions should be identified in the acknowledgements. Consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., apastyle.org) or the ICMJE (icmje.org) for details. The corresponding author will be asked to provide detailed information about the authorship contributions of individuals named in the by-line at the time of submission. Any changes in the authorship (author added, author removed, change in order of authorship) at any time during the review process must be approved in writing by all authors listed on any version of the paper.

Conflicts of interest

Authors must state all possible conflicts of interest in the manuscript, including financial, consultant, institutional and other relationships that might lead to bias or a conflict of interest. If there is no conflict of interest, this should also be explicitly stated as none declared. All sources of funding should be acknowledged in the manuscript. All relevant conflicts of interest and sources of funding should be included on the title page of the manuscript with the heading "Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding."

In addition, each author must complete and submit the Conflicts of Interest and Copyright Transfer Agreement sections on the journal's Author Questionnaire. The disclosure of potential conflicts of interest questions are based on the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" (http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/author-responsibilities--conflicts-of-interest.html)

A copy of the form is made available to the corresponding author during the Editorial Manager submission process. Co-authors will automatically receive an e-mail with instructions on completing the form upon submission.

Copyright and permission for reuse of copyright-protected material

It is the responsibility of the author to obtain permission for use of material owned by others such as copyrighted material: tables, charts, forms, figures, or text reuse. Follow the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for guidelines on using previously published material (section 1.10, p. 15). Upload permission for reuse along with the rest of the manuscript parts at the time of article submission. Permission for use and sharing content from many sources may be obtained from the Copyright Clearance Center/RightsLink at: http://www.copyright.com/get-permissions/

Hybrid publishing model/open access

Authors of accepted peer-reviewed articles have the choice to pay a fee to allow perpetual unrestricted online access to their published article to readers globally, immediately upon publication. Authors may take advantage of the open access option at the point of acceptance to ensure that this choice has no influence on the peer review and acceptance process. These articles are subject to the journal’s standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.The article processing charge (APC) is charged on acceptance of the article and should be paid within 30 days by the author, funding agency or institution. Payment must be processed for the article to be published open access. For a list of journals and pricing please visit our Wolters Kluwer Open Health Journals page.  

Authors retain copyright
Authors retain their copyright for all articles they opt to publish open access. Authors grant Wolters Kluwer an exclusive license to publish the article and the article is made available under the terms of a Creative Commons user license. Please visit our Open Access Publication Process page for more information.
 
Creative Commons license
Open access articles are freely available to read, download and share from the time of publication under the terms of the Creative Commons License Attribution-NonCommerical No Derivative (CC BY-NC-ND) license. This license does not permit reuse for any commercial purposes nor does it cover the reuse or modification of individual elements of the work (such as figures, tables, etc.) in the creation of derivative works without specific permission.
Compliance with funder mandated open access policies
An author whose work is funded by an organization that mandates the use of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license is able to meet that requirement through the available open access license for approved funders. Information about the approved funders can be found here: http://www.wkopenhealth.com/inst-fund.php

FAQ for open access
http://www.wkopenhealth.com/openaccessfaq.php

Compliance with NIH and other research funding agency accessibility

A number of research funding agencies now require or request authors to submit the post-print (the article after peer review and acceptance but not the final published article) to a repository that is accessible online by all without charge. As a service to our authors, Wolters Kluwer identifies to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) articles that require deposit and transmits the post-print of an article based on research funded in whole or in part by the National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, or other funding agencies to PubMed Central. The revised Copyright Transfer Agreement provides the mechanism. Additionally, all authors who choose the gold open access option will have their final published article deposited into PubMed Central.

RCUK and Wellcome funded authors can choose to publish their paper as open access with the payment of an article process charge (gold route), or opt for their accepted manuscript to be deposited (green route) into PMC with an embargo.

With both the gold and green open access options, the author will continue to sign the Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) portion of the Author Questionnaire, as it provides the mechanism for LWW to ensure that the author is fully compliant with the requirements. After signature of the CTA, the author will then sign a License to Publish whereupon they will then own the copyright. Those authors who wish to publish their article via the gold route will be able to publish under the terms of the Attribution 4.0 (CCBY) License. To view of a copy of this license visit: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/. Authors who wish to publish their article via the green route will be able to publish under the rights of the Attribution Non-commercial 4.0 (CCBY NC) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

It is the responsibility of the author to inform the Editorial Office and/or LWW that they have RCUK funding. Wolters Kluwer will not be held responsible for retroactive deposits to PMC if the author has not completed the proper sections on the Author Questionnaire.

Repositories and posting on author social media accounts

If accepted, unless you opt for open access, your article must not be published elsewhere in similar form, in any language, without the consent of the publisher. You may not post the PDF file of your copyedited article, or your final published article in any repository or online social media site. However, you may post the pre-publication revised and accepted manuscript provided you include a link to the published article on the publisher's website. For specific detail about reuse and permissions for any part of your article, refer to http://journals.lww.com/nursingresearchonline/_layouts/15/1033/oaks.journals/rightsandpermissions.aspx

Manuscript preparation

Style guide

Follow the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.; apastyle.org) to prepare your manuscript. Please note that the manuscript structure and reference style is different from that used in some other biomedical journals.

Using reporting guidelines

For RCTs, follow the current CONSORT statement (http://www.consort-statement.org/). When the systematic review approach is used for a paper in the Biology Review series and for meta-analyses, follow the current PRISMA guidelines (http://www.prisma-statement.org/). A synthesis of standards for reporting qualitative research is available in O'Brien et al. (2014) in Academic Medicine (doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000388). Consult the Equator Network for reporting guidelines for a wide variety of study types (http://www.equator-network.org/).

English language standards

English language usage must meet standards for scientific publication. Some authors may find editorial services helpful, but use of a translation or editorial service does not guarantee acceptance of a paper. Wolters Kluwer, in partnership with Editage, offers a variety of fee-based editorial services; for a description, see http://wkauthorservices.editage.com/

Word processor settings

  • Use the letter-size paper option (8 ½ by 11), not A4.
  • Use American English spell-checking.
  • Double-space the title page, abstract, text, and references.
  • Single-space tables, table titles and notes, and figure captions.
  • Set line spaces before and after paragraphs to 0.
  • Use 1-inch margins on all sides.
  • Use a 12-point font; Times New Roman is preferred for the text.
  • Use left justification: do not right-justify the text.
  • Use 0.5" for paragraph indentations
  • Paginate in the upper right corner, starting with the title page
  • Use continuous line numbering.

Page limits

Regular articles may be up to 16 pages in length; brief reports may be up to 8 pages in length (using the required word processor settings described above). Page limits refer to text only (not including title page, abstract, references, tables, figures, or supplemental digital content).

Table and figure limits

A combined total of no more than five tables and figures may be submitted.

Manuscript components

Organize the manuscript in the following order: title page, abstract, text, references, tables, figure captions, and figures. Add appendices should appear last if they are used.

  • Title Page: Show the running head and complete title. For each author include position titles, abbreviations for relevant degrees and certifications, institution, and location of institution. Provide conflict of interest statement. Disclose funding received for this work from: National Institutes of Health (NIH); Wellcome Trust; Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI); and other(s). Provide complete postal address and e-mail address for the corresponding author only. Acknowledge key contributors who did not meet all standards for authorship. If the manuscript is a pilot RCT, full-scale RCT, or the protocol for a full-scale RCT, provide the registration site, registration number, and link to registration information on the title page.
  • Abstract: The abstract should be no longer than one double-spaced page, with no citations. Use the structured format with these headings: Background: Summarize the literature review in one sentence, demonstrating the need for this study; Objectives: Clearly state the main question or hypothesis of this study in one sentence; Methods: Describe the study design, participants, and measurements used in 3–4 sentences; Results: Describe the main results in a concise paragraph, noting levels of statistical significance and confidence intervals where appropriate; Discussion: Base the discussion only on the reported results and literature cited in the background; and Key Words: Provide 3–5 key words, using MeSH key words when possible: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html 
  • Text: Follow headings used in the abstract, except no heading like "Introduction" or "Background" is needed. Avoid using unnecessarily large numbers of citations to support a single idea. Typically, about four citations are adequate to support a single idea.
  • References: Please be judicious in the number of works cited. The number of sources used varies by article type, and will be fewer for brief reports than for biology reviews, for example. Typically, about 40 citations are adequate for a regular article reporting findings from original research. 
  • Tables: Give careful consideration to the set-up of tables. Cite tables consecutively in the manuscript.
  • Figures: Number and cite figures consecutively. If color is essential, explain why in the letter to the editor that you upload with your manuscript.
  • Appendices: Appendices are used for brief content that could be distracting if it appeared in an article. Examples are lists of papers used in a meta-analysis, technical details from a methods paper, or descriptions of laboratory technique.  
  • Supplemental Digital Content (SDC): Supplemental digital content is used for lengthier supporting materials or information that cannot be included in a print article (e.g., computer output, supplemental bibliographies, or audio or video recordings). Authors may suggest (SDC) or the Editor may require that some materials be used as (SDC).

References

Follow the style shown in thePublication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.; apastyle.org). Include digital object identifiers (doi) when one has been assigned to a cited work. Be sure that all items referenced in the text appear on the reference list, and that all entries on the list are cited in the text. Verify accuracy of all information included in references: use PubMed, Medline, or CINAHL.

Statistical symbols and equations

Do not use the mean +/- SD notation style; use M = xx.x, SD = xx.xx. Show confidence intervals as xx% CI [LL, UL]. Reserve use of Greek symbols for population parameters. Use italic face for most statistical symbols; use bold to indicate vectors and matrices. Use equations to clarify complex models. Prepare equations using the Equation Editor in Word. Simple equations should be included in the line of text in which it appears, whereas complex equations should be displayed and numbered consecutively.

Tables

Set tables in Calibri 10 point font. Single space. Use the table function in Word. Do not use any tabs in preparation of tables: use the cell alignment feature for formatting. Do not include the table number, title, or notes in the table itself—place this information before or after the table. Use regular text to place title and note information before and after the table, respectively. Tables must be prepared in Word, and the native Word table must be submitted and uploaded. Do not submit tables in Excel, Powerpoint, or any other format. Do not submit images of tables prepared in Word.

Figures

Technical quality is critical to ensure effective communication of information using figures such as charts, schematics, flow diagrams, path diagrams, biological data [EEGs, radiographs], or photographs. Review background information and use the checklist for digital art work:

  • Background information
    • See publication requirements for Digital Artwork  http://links.lww.com/ES/A42
    • Create, Scan and Save your artwork and compare your final figure to the Digital Artwork Guideline Checklist (below).
    • Upload each figure to Editorial Manager in conjunction with your manuscript text and tables. When figures are uploaded, include figure numbers in the description field.
  • Digital Artwork Guideline Checklist: Have these basics in place before submitting your digital artwork:
    • Artwork should be saved as TIFF, EPS, or MS Office (DOC, PPT, XLS) files. High resolution PDF files are also acceptable.
    • Crop out any white or black space surrounding the image.
    • Diagrams, drawings, graphs, and other line art must be vector or saved at a resolution of at least 1200 dpi. If created in an MS Office program, send the native (DOC, PPT, XLS) file.
    • Photographs, radiographs and other halftone images must be saved at a resolution of at least 300 dpi.
    • Photographs and radiographs with text must be saved as postscript or at a resolution of at least 600 dpi.
    • Each figure must be saved and submitted as a separate file. Figures should not be embedded in the manuscript text file.
    • C) Color
    • Please notify the Editor in the cover letter if you believe color is essential to a figure. In a limited number of cases, the Editor has discretion to approve use of color at no cost to the author(s).
  • Remember:
    • Cite figures consecutively in your manuscript.
    • Number figures in the figure legend in the order in which they are discussed.
    • Upload figures consecutively to the Editorial Manager web site and enter figure numbers consecutively in the Description field when uploading the files.

Appendices

Prepare appendices using guidelines for the text, tables, or figures.

Supplemental digital content

Authors may submit supplemental digital content (SDC) to enhance the article text, or the Editor may determine that parts of an accepted paper be used as SDC. SDC is posted online-only. SDC may include the following types of content: text documents, graphs, tables, figures, graphics, illustrations, audio, and video. Label SDC files clearly and refer to it consecutively in the text (for example SDC 1, SDC 2, etc.). Provide a separate consecutively numbered file name with a title and brief description of the type of material submitted. The SDC numbers in the text and file names must match.

Many file formats are acceptable for use as SDC.  For example, when computer output is used as supplemental digital content, a copy of the information in .pdf format is acceptable; i.e., no special tables or annotations need to be provided. Supplemental digital content for accepted articles is posted as submitted without editing.

Initial submission

Prior to submission, obtain an ORCID ID number if you do not have one (http://orcid.org/).

Manuscripts must be submitted electronically through our Web-based Editorial Manager system. Go to http://nres.edmgr.com. Register, if you are new to the system.

Once registered as an author, logon, and select "Submit A New Manuscript." You will then:

  1. Enter the title of your manuscript.
  2. Select an "article type" from the drop down menu.
  3. Add information about the author(s) of the paper.
  4. From your manuscript file, copy and paste the abstract only into the dialogue box.
  5. Enter content descriptors from the list provided. Make sure you first select the main heading you want, and then select various sub-topics within that main heading.
  6. Answer questions about project funding.
  7. Enter your comments to the editor in a dialogue box. Address any prior correspondence you may have had with the editor. Provide URLs or citations to other publications or manuscripts that are derived from the same dataset or examine the same topic, and explain the overlap. Information about these related papers may be blinded in the manuscript, but must be provided in full to the Editor.
  8. Answer questions about your region of origin; NIH funding; whether your study is an RCT and if so, what the registration number is, link to the registry site, the date of registration, and the date of first participant enrollment; dates of data collection; contributions of each author; and whether a query was submitted prior to submission.
  9. Attach your various individual files containing elements of your entire manuscript. No file should contain information found in any other file: (a) title/author bio page, (b) a Word file containing text of manuscript, starting with the abstract and ending with the references, and (c) as many individual files as necessary, each containing only one table or figure.

When all files are attached, the system will prompt you to complete a process that will submit your manuscript to the Editorial Office. You will receive an e-mail to let you know the journal office received your manuscript. You may check the status of your manuscript at any time by logging in at http://nres.edmgr.com. Select "Submissions Being Processed."

After submission

Preliminary review by Editorial Office Staff

Editorial Office staff assesses each submitted manuscript. Manuscripts with topics and article types consistent with the Nursing Research editorial mission, and that also meet requirements for style, manuscript preparation, and English language usage are assigned for peer review. Corresponding authors of manuscripts not assigned for peer review receive an e-mail message from the Editor explaining the decision.

Peer review

Typically, each manuscript is sent for double-blind peer review by two members of the peer-review panel, who are selected for a manuscript based on their areas of expertise. For many manuscripts additional opinions are obtained from experts in related fields (quantitative or qualitative methods, biological sciences, or substantive areas addressed in manuscripts). There are approximately 900 continuing and new experts on the Nursing Research peer review panel, including about 60 statisticians, biostatisticians, psychometricians, and data miners. Names of those who reviewed a paper or papers during the previous calendar year are published annually in the March/April issue of the journal and are posted online at:  http://journals.lww.com/nursingresearchonline/Pages/listofreviewers.aspx

Peer reviewers serve as advisors to the Editor. They are asked to read assigned papers, make a recommendation about disposition of the manuscript, rate the importance of the topic, score the quality of the parts of the manuscript, and write narrative comments for the authors. Peer reviewers may also submit confidential comments to the Editor about any concerns they have about any aspect of the paper or the research. Peer reviews attest that they have no conflicts of interest in reviewing the manuscript. Peer reviewers are asked to complete their reviews in timely fashion.

Authors are encouraged to view the guidelines for reviewers at:
http://journals.lww.com/nursingresearchonline/Pages/reviewerguidelines.aspx

With the permission of authors, examples of manuscripts and reviews are posted at the Nursing Research post-publication open manuscript review site:
http://journals.lww.com/nursingresearchonline/Pages/openmanuscriptreview.aspx

Editor's decision

The Editor holds responsibility for the decision about disposition of a manuscript. The decision is either: (a) accept the manuscript; (b) reject the manuscript; or (c) invite a revision.

The decision is communicated to the corresponding author by e-mail sent through Editorial Manager. The message includes the decision and the comments of peer reviewers. If the decision was to reject the manuscript, a brief explanation is provided. If the decision was to invite a revision, the Editor may provide comments in addition to those of the peer reviewers.

The decision may be delegated to the Associate Editor or a member of the Editorial Board when the Editor has a conflict with submitted paper or when they hold special expertise relevant to a particular topic or type of paper. Decision making authority may also be delegated to Guest Editors for special issues, special topic sections in regular issues, or supplements.

Appealing the Editor's decision

The Editor's decision to reject a manuscript may be appealed under some circumstances. Dissatisfaction with the decision is, by itself, not grounds for an appeal. If authors think there was evidence of unfairness or oversight in the peer review or editorial decision making process, the decision may be appealed. The appeal should be submitted to the Editor via email in Editorial Manager between 14 and 28 days following the decision date; specific rationale for the appeal must be provided. The Editor determines whether an Appeals Panel will be convened and conveys this information to the corresponding author. An Appeals Panel composed of the Associate Editor and two Editorial Board Members assesses materials relevant to the appeal (the manuscript, peer review documents, editorial communications). The Advisory Panel provides recommendations, with rationale, to either retain the decision or rescind the decision to reject in favor of an invitation to revise and resubmit. The Editor reviews the input of the Advisory Panel and makes the final determination about disposition of the manuscript.

A decision about an appeal is made within six weeks of receipt of the request for an Appeal. The decision is final.

Revisions

Responding to reviewer and Editor comments

An itemized, point-by-point response to the comments of the reviewers and Editor should be submitted with the revision. Disagreements with any recommendations should be explained.

The location (section title, paragraph #, & line #) of each response can be included in a simple table. It is helpful to identify the changes in the revised manuscript with a contrasting font color or highlighting.

Submitting the revised manuscript

If you have been invited to revise and resubmit your manuscript, the revision is submitted online at http://nres.edmgr.com. Login using the same user name and password. On the "Author Main Menu," under the heading "REVISIONS," select the "Submissions Needing Revision" link which will be the only active link. DO NOT SUBMIT YOUR REVISION AS A "NEW SUBMISSION" UNDER THE HEADING "NEW SUBMISSIONS."

After acceptance

Copy-editing and queries from the Editor

Nursing Research reserves the right to edit all manuscripts for style and space requirements, and to clarify the presentation. Authors should expect queries during the copy-editing stage.

Page proofs and corrections

Before publication, proofs of edited copy in .pdf format are submitted electronically to the corresponding author who is responsible for checking the accuracy of the material. Complete instructions are provided along with the proof. Adobe Reader version 7 or higher is needed to complete this task.

Social media

Nursing Research uses social media to amplify dissemination. Facebook and Twitter are used. When papers are accepted, authors will be asked to contribute photos; links to their on-line profiles; and written, audio, or video notes about their research suitable for use in social media. Content contributed for social media use should not be copyright protected or, if copyright-protected, written permission for reuse must be provided.

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