Background: Assessing the impact of individual journal articles provides information for understanding trends in science and translation of findings on practice. Citation analysis is an important way to highlight the contributions of individual author/investigator and journals on nursing practice.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the most frequently cited articles published in nursing journals from 1956 to 2011.
Methods: The Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index were searched for citations through 2011 to articles published in the 89 nursing journals listed on the Journal Citation Reports (2010 edition). The number of citations, topic, countries, and institutions of origin based on the first author affiliation, year of publication, study design, publishing journal, journal country, and journal impact factor were noted. The most frequently cited articles published in the 89 nursing journals from 1956 to 2011 were identified.
Results: The top 50 most frequently cited articles were published in 10 nursing journals between 1970 and 2005. The top cited article received 784 citations. The most common topics were methodology for qualitative studies, validation procedures for tool development, and nursing care and practices in cancer and mental health. The most common study designs were reviews including meta-analysis and instrument validation. Most of the top 50 cited articles were published from 1986 to 1995.
Discussion: The findings provide insights into priorities and trends in nursing research and translational science.
Eliza L. Y. Wong, PhD, is Associate Professor, The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Wilson W. S. Tam, PhD, is Research Assistant Professor, The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong; Research Fellow, the Shenzhen Municipal Key Laboratory for Health Risk Analysis, Shenzhen Research Institute, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Faye C. Y. Wong, BNur, is Graduate Student; and Annie W. L. Cheung, BBA, is Research Assistant, The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.nursingresearchonline.com).
Accepted for publication June 6, 2013.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Corresponding author: Wilson W. S. Tam, PhD, The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, 4/F School of Public Health Building, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).