Background: Focus groups are being utilized increasingly in health services research; however, methods of analyzing focus groups to acknowledge group processes are still under development.
Objectives: To explore the use of sociograms as a tool in focus group analyses.
Methods: Sociograms are presented for two focus groups which were conducted to complement a randomized controlled trial on the use of audiovisual distraction during minor surgery. The sociograms are interpreted to accentuate issues that may arise during focus group research.
Results and Discussion: Sociograms offer a useful method of conceptualizing group dynamics, drawing comparisons between focus groups, and reflecting on moderator technique. The sociogram is a useful aid for displaying and interpreting data from focus group discussions when used in combination with further qualitative inquiry.
Amy Drahota, BSc (Hons), MSc, PhD, is Research Fellow; and Ann Dewey, RCN, BSc (Hons), MSc, PhD, is Senior Lecturer, School of Health Sciences & Social Work, University of Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom.
Accepted for publication December 10, 2007.
The research underlying this article was funded by the Dunhill Medical Trust (registered charity: 294286).
Corresponding author: Amy Drahota, BSc (Hons), MSc, PhD, School of Health Sciences & Social Work, University of Portsmouth, James Watson Hall, 2 King Richard 1st Road, Portsmouth, Hampshire PO1 2FR, England, United Kingdom (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).