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Nursing Management:
doi: 10.1097/01.NUMA.0000428120.49310.5f
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Animal-assisted therapy: Paws with a cause

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INSTRUCTIONS Animal-assisted therapy: Paws with a cause

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Animal-assisted therapy: Paws with a cause

GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on AAT in healthcare. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading the article and taking this test, you'll be able to: 1. Discuss key concepts of AAT. 2. Identify steps and resources for setting up an AAT program. 3. List the benefits of AAT for patients.

1. In the scenario given, M believed that Ranger helped her by

a. strengthening her heart.

b. allowing her to temporarily forget her illness.

c. relieving her pain.

d. giving her courage.

2. Studies have shown that the presence of animals can

a. elevate neurohormonal levels.

b. increase heart circulation.

c. reduce anxiety.

d. delay recovery.

3. Which statement about AAT is correct?

a. AAT is a goal-oriented patient intervention.

b. AAT started in 1867 in a Quaker hospital.

c. AAT is primarily used in long-term-care.

d. Approximately 72% of mental health providers prescribe pet therapy.

4. Physiologically, pet therapy results in

a. increased sympathetic nervous system stimulation.

b. decreased sympathetic nervous system stimulation.

c. increased parasympathetic nervous system stimulation.

d. decreased parasympathetic nervous system stimulation.

5. All of the following goals can be included in an AAT session except

a. improving communication.

b. fostering trust.

c. blunting cognitive awareness.

d. improving self-care behaviors.

6. What must happen before a pet therapy encounter?

a. The pet must be bathed.

b. Patients are restricted to their rooms.

c. Patients' allergies must be ascertained.

d. Vital signs must be taken.

7. Which agency has published guidelines that address the use of pet therapy in healthcare?

a. ASPCA

b. Center for Animal Assisted Therapy

c. American Medical Association

d. APIC

8. Which statement about zoonotic infections and AAT is correct?

a. There's no risk for patients to acquire these transmissible infections.

b. Infections such as swine flu and avian flu have been transmitted during AAT.

c. No evidence exists that any significant number of infections has been transmitted.

d. Strict policies and procedures will prevent zoonotic infections.

9. Which procedure is recommended after a pet therapy session?

a. The patient's room is thoroughly disinfected.

b. The patient, family, and staff all engage in hand hygiene.

c. The patient is fully assessed for evidence of fleas.

d. The patient is encouraged to bathe or shower.

10. What should occur before implementation of an AAT program?

a. patient population analysis

b. community approval

c. trial visit by the AAT team

d. formal training for the AAT team

11. The animal used in pet therapy should

a. not be the handler's pet.

b. be removed if stressed.

c. walk with a slowed gait for safety.

d. not shed hair.

12. Which of the following statements is correct?

a. The animal is usually 1 year or older.

b. Pet visits can't be longer than 1 hour daily.

c. Pet vaccination review must occur before every patient visit.

d. Pet therapy animals are limited to dogs.

13. Which statement about therapy animals is correct?

a. Obedience skills aren't as important as being friendly.

b. Unpredictable animals are preferred because they spark more interest.

c. Training classes can prepare an animal to accept a stranger.

d. Routine screening for zoonotic microorganisms is recommended.

14. Which attribute isn't required by therapy animals?

a. being reliably responsive to voice commands

b. having a good disposition

c. sitting for long periods of time

d. weighing less than 30 pounds

15. According to the article, what's most important when developing an AAT program?

a. standardized training process

b. animal acceptance

c. patient selection

d. funding

16. What does a designated animal visit liaison monitor?

a. the flow of AAT throughout the facility

b. vaccination status of the animals

c. the number of pet visits each patient receives

d. training each staff member receives

17. Which organization provides information to healthcare professionals regarding AAT?

a. APIC

b. Center for Animal Assisted Therapy

c. National Pet Therapy Association

d. Therapet

18. This article illustrates that AAT can help patients in all of the following ways except

a. feeling safe and protected.

b. assisting in overcoming fear of animals.

c. providing a connecting bridge to healthcare providers.

d. reducing stress.

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