INSTRUCTIONS The many faces of dementia
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The many faces of dementia
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide the professional nurse with an overview of dementia and its treatment. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to: 1. Discuss the characteristics of dementia. 2. Differentiate five types of dementia. 3. Identify treatments and interventions appropriate to dementia and delirium.
1. One key characteristic of dementia is
a. global impairment.
2. The Confusion Assessment Method tool is used to
a. differentiate types of dementia.
b. determine if dementia and delirium coexist.
c. identify delirium.
3. Which lobe of the brain controls the ability to concentrate and focus?
4. Patients with deficits in which part of the brain are prone to falls and injuries?
a. temporal lobe
b. parietal lobe
c. occipital lobe
5. Which is identified as a treatable dementia?
a. vitamin B12 deficiency
b. uncontrolled hyperthyroidism
c. acute drug abuse
6. Patients in the second stage of AD develop
a. short-term memory loss.
7. Which isn't included in the four A's of AD?
8. Which drugs may be given to patients with AD for short-term increase in functionality?
a. dopamine agonists
b. cholinesterase inhibitors
c. monamine oxidase B inhibitors
9. To help reduce anxiety in patients with AD, nurses should
a. establish and follow a routine.
b. administer anxiolytic medications.
c. provide written instructions.
10. Vascular dementia is caused by
a. traumatic brain injury.
b. reduced blood flow to the brain.
c. the presence of amyloid plaques.
11. Which isn't used to treat vascular dementia?
a. antipsychotic medications
b. antihypertensive medications
c. lifestyle changes
12. Treating the underlying cause of the disease is the focus for
a. frontotemporal dementia.
b. Parkinson dementia.
c. vascular dementia.
13. Of patients affected by PD for 2 years, about what proportion suffers from Parkinson dementia?
a. one third
b. one half
c. two thirds
14. Symptoms of Parkinson dementia include
b. fluctuations in attention and alertness.
c. early memory decline.
15. When do most cases of frontotemporal dementia occur?
a. before age 65
b. between ages 65 and 75
c. after age 75
16. The first symptoms of frontotemporal dementia are
b. behavior and social skills problems.
c. long-term memory loss.
17. Which type of dementia is characterized by early executive functioning problems?
c. Lewy body
18. Which symptom is frequently noted in Lewy body dementia?
a. visual hallucinations
c. short-term memory loss
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