INSTRUCTIONS Type 2 diabetes: Stopping the epidemic
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Type 2 diabetes: Stopping the epidemic
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide the professional nurse with information about type 2 diabetes and its treatment. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to: 1. Identify the prevalence and pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. 2. Describe lifestyle changes that can help reduce the complications of type 2 diabetes. 3. Explain treatment modalities for type 2 diabetes.
- Which statement about type 2 diabetes is correct?
- It always presents before age 20.
- It accounts for 95% of diabetes cases.
- It results from overactive pancreatic beta cells.
- Prediabetes is associated with
- frequent ketoacidosis.
- antibodies attacking beta cells.
- the development of insulin resistance.
- Which lifestyle change intensifies insulin action and lowers blood glucose?
- healthier eating habits
- smoking cessation
- DKA is characterized by dehydration and
- a decrease in pulse.
- an increase in BP.
- exhalation of fruity-odor breath.
- High blood glucose levels cause slower gastric emptying by the release of
- angiotensin II.
- pancreatic amylase.
- High blood glucose levels lead to blindness by causing
- myelin sheath depletion.
- antibodies to attack eye structures.
- neurovascular disease in the retina.
- A blood glucose level of 120 mg/dL after 8 hours of fasting is indicative of
- normal glucose metabolism.
- The controlled diabetic patient's HbA1C value should be less than
- Diabetes is associated with
- high triglyceride levels.
- elevated high-density lipoprotein levels.
- decreased low-density lipoprotein levels.
- With which blood glucose level is it appropriate for a patient with diabetes to exercise?
- 70 mg/dL.
- 130 mg/dL.
- 255 mg/dL.
- A 22-year-old man with diabetes should perform moderate exercise
- 75 minute/week.
- 150 minute/week.
- 200 minute/week.
- The patient with diabetes should engage in anaerobic exercise such as
- How does metformin work to control blood glucose?
- It reduces the liver's glucose production.
- It stimulates pancreatic beta cells to secrete insulin.
- It reverses insulin resistance.
- An example of a sulfonylurea is
- A medication used to treat diabetes that has been shown to increase the risk of myocardial infarction is
- Insulin must be initiated if the patient's
- fasting blood glucose exceeds 300 mg/dL.
- triglyceride level exceeds 250 mg/dL.
- HbA1C exceeds 6.5%.
- Bolus insulins are given to control blood glucose levels
- for postmeal spikes.
- long-term during daytime hours.
- HbA1C measures the average postmeal plasma glucose over the previous
- 1 to 2 weeks.
- 2 to 3 months.
- 1 to 2 months.
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