July 2017 - Volume 12 - Issue 4
pp: 4-48


Tech Talk

Innovations in Practice

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Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: A review

Trinsey, Ashley

Nursing Critical Care . 12(4):16-23, July 2017.

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a mechanical circulatory support device that is used when the heart and/or lung functions are affected by severe disease or organ dysfunction. ECMO therapy provides temporary, lifesaving support to the body until surgical intervention or more permanent treatments can be provided. This article reviews the two main types of ECMO therapy along with therapeutic indications, function, and management of critically ill adult patients using ECMO.

Pneumocephalus assessment and management

Vacca, Vincent M. Jr.

Nursing Critical Care . 12(4):24-29, July 2017.

Pneumocephalus is a pathologic collection of air contained within the intracranial space. Although traumatic head injury accounts for 75% of all cases, pneumocephalus is also common following neurosurgery. Simple, asymptomatic pneumocephalus can often be managed conservatively; however, tension pneumocephalus is a neurosurgical emergency.

Avoiding legal risks in critical care nursing

Catalano, Lori A.; Werdman, Eileen

Nursing Critical Care . 12(4):30-35, July 2017.

Critical care nursing requires critical thinking and quick actions. Because of this, nurses may exceed their scope of practice or utilize workarounds that risk patient safety, both of which can lead to malpractice. This article provides nurses with information on how to avoid legal risks in critical care.

Basics of general anesthesia for the critical care nurse

Greenberg, Kendra; Morrison, Suzanne

Nursing Critical Care . 12(4):36-42, July 2017.

Critical care nurses play an integral role in the care of surgical patients. A more thorough understanding of what general anesthesia entails may enable the critical care nurse to tailor care to patients following surgery. This article describes the stages of general anesthesia, along with related medications, potential adverse reactions, and what nurses need to know to provide optimal care.