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Nuclear Medicine Communications:
doi: 10.1097/MNM.0000000000000048
Review Articles

Management of respiratory motion in PET/computed tomography: the state of the art

Pépin, Audreya; Daouk, Joëlb; Bailly, Pascala; Hapdey, Sébastienc,d; Meyer, Marc-Etiennea,b

Open Access
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Abstract

Combined PET/computed tomography (CT) is of value in cancer diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment planning. For cancers located in the thorax or abdomen, the patient’s breathing causes artifacts and errors in PET and CT images. Many different approaches for artifact avoidance or correction have been developed; most are based on gated acquisition and synchronization between the respiratory signal and PET acquisition. The respiratory signal is usually produced by an external sensor that tracks a physiological characteristic related to the patient’s breathing. Respiratory gating is a compensation technique in which time or amplitude binning is used to exclude the motion in reconstructed PET images. Although this technique is performed in routine clinical practice, it fails to adequately correct for respiratory motion because each gate can mix several tissue positions. Researchers have suggested either selecting PET events from gated acquisitions or performing several PET acquisitions (corresponding to a breath-hold CT position). However, the PET acquisition time must be increased if adequate counting statistics are to be obtained in the different gates after binning. Hence, other researchers have assessed correction techniques that take account of all the counting statistics (without increasing the acquisition duration) and integrate motion information before, during, or after the reconstruction process. Here, we provide an overview of how motion is managed to overcome respiratory motion in PET/CT images.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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