This review article is focused on the role of FDG PET/CT in diagnosing and characterizing hepatic incidentalomas. A large variety of unsuspected lesions can be detected in the liver both with ultrasound and CT performed for other reasons; the prevalence of liver incidentalomas increases in patients with chronic liver disease or preexisting oncologic history. The major challenge is to discriminate benign from malignant lesions. There is a large body of literature indicating that FDG PET/CT is a useful tool to this purpose even if it is unspecific (ie, it cannot differentiate a primary tumor from a secondary lesion). Occasionally, FDG PET/CT can be useful for biopsy guidance.