Abstract: We report a case in which 18F-FDG PET was able to discriminate pseudoprogression from progression observed on contrast-enhanced (CE) MRI (CE-MRI). A 56-year-old male patient with anaplastic oligodendroglioma demonstrated markedly increased tumor enhancement on CE-MRI 1 month after completing radiation therapy (RT), suggesting radiological progression. However, the patient was clinically improved and therefore received an early-therapy response assessment PET to assess for pseudoprogression. PET showed low tumor uptake indicating stable disease. Follow-up CE-MRI at 3 and 4 months post-RT confirmed stable disease. This case emphasizes the value of 18F-FDG PET when pseudoprogression is clinically suspected.