Abstract: A 52-year-old woman with metastatic melanoma was treated with ipilimumab. After 2 cycles of treatment, she developed watery diarrhea, sweats, and chills. An FDG PET/CT study demonstrated new FDG-avid (maximum standardized uptake value 15.6) diffuse colonic wall thickening, suggestive of ipilimumab-induced colitis. The patient was treated with systemic steroids, with subsequent resolution of her symptoms. Based on the response to steroids, the diagnosis of ipilimumab-induced enterocolitis was made. Ipilimumab may cause several immune-mediated toxicities, the most common of which is enterocolitis. Physicians interpreting FDG PET/CT examinations of patients treated with ipilimumab should be aware of these FDG-avid immune-mediated toxicities.