In 38 children with proved P-fimbriated Escherichia coli acute pyelonephritis, Tc-99m DTPA dynamic renal scintigraphy in the zoom mode using deconvolution analysis was performed, and the results were compared with those of Tc-99m DMSA scans. From the dynamic study, six functional images of the mean time were generated. Each functional image was analyzed separately to search for focal areas of increased mean time within the kidney contour, especially over the kidney parenchyma. Time-activity curves from these areas were generated and analyzed. Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphy showed generalized or focal decreased uptake in 32 (41.8%) kidneys, and deconvolution analysis of Tc-99m DTPA scintigraphy revealed pathologic renographic curves in 58 (77.6%) kidneys. Prolonged whole-kidney and normal renal parenchymal transit times (dilatation without obstruction) were found in 38 (50%) kidneys, whereas prolonged whole-kidney and renal parenchymal transit times (dilatation with obstruction) were observed in 20 (27.6%) kidneys. Separate analysis of each of the six functional images of the mean time showed focal areas of increased mean time in the kidney parenchyma of 11 kidneys. In five cases, time-activity curves from these areas showed a sharp increase of activity on the descending part of the curve, which might reflect the return of urine from the collecting system into kidney cortex (i.e., intrarenal reflux). These results showed that in a urinary tract with acute pyelonephritis, urodynamic changes may lead to obstructive nephropathy and intrarenal reflux. Tc-99m DTPA renal scintigraphy in the zoom mode using deconvolution analysis with six functional images of the mean time has proved to be a valuable method to evaluate acute pyelonephritis, thus allowing dynamic and morphologic analysis of the urinary tract at the same time.
From the Clinical Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Protection,* University Hospital Rebro, and the Department of Nephrology,† University Children's Hospital S˘alata, Zagreb, Croatia
Received February 20, 1998. Accepted May 12, 1998.
Presented at the 1995 European Nuclear Medicine Congress, Brussels, Belgium, and published in Eur J Nucl Med 22:741, 1995.
Reprint requests: Mirjana Poropat, M.D., Ph.D., Clinical Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Protection, University Hospital Rebro, Kis˘patićeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.