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New Insights Into the Development of Maximal Sprint Speed in Male Youth

Meyers, Robert W. PhD; Oliver, Jon L. PhD; Hughes, Michael G. PhD; Lloyd, Rhodri S. PhD; Cronin, John B. PhD

Strength & Conditioning Journal: April 2017 - Volume 39 - Issue 2 - p 2–10
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000290
Article

ABSTRACT: SPEED IS A KEY ASPECT OF YOUTH PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS AND COMMONLY ASSESSED DURING TALENT IDENTIFICATION TESTING PROTOCOLS, YET, LITTLE IS UNDERSTOOD ABOUT THE FACTORS THAT UNDERPIN THE NATURAL DEVELOPMENT OF MAXIMAL SPEED THROUGHOUT CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE. THIS ARTICLE REVIEWS THE ANTHROPOMETRIC, KINEMATIC, KINETIC, AND ASYMMETRY VARIABLES THAT CONTRIBUTE TO SPRINT PERFORMANCE, WHILE EXAMINING THE IMPACT THAT GROWTH AND MATURATION MAY HAVE ON ALL FACETS OF MAXIMAL SPRINT PERFORMANCE IN BOYS. CLEAR GUIDANCE IS PROVIDED ON THE PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS FOR THE STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING COACH THAT SHOULD HELP IN DESIGN OF EFFECTIVE SPEED DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS FOR MALE YOUTH.

1Youth Physical Development Unit, Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, United Kingdom;

2Sports Performance Research Institute, New Zealand (SPRINZ), AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand; and

3School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Science, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia

Address correspondence to Robert W. Meyers, rwmeyers@cardiffmet.ac.uk.

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

Robert W. Meyers is a principal lecturer in Strength and Conditioning and Programme Director within Cardiff School of Sport and head of coaching within the Youth Physical Development unit at Cardiff Metropolitan University.

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Jon L. Oliver is a reader in Applied Pediatric Exercise Science within Cardiff School of Sport as well as co-founder and head of research within the Youth Physical Development unit at Cardiff Metropolitan University.

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Michael G. Hughes is a senior lecturer in Physiology and Health within Cardiff School of Sport at Cardiff Metropolitan University.

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Rhodri S. Lloyd is a senior lecturer in Strength and Conditioning within Cardiff School of Sport as well as the co-founder and director of the Youth Physical Development unit at Cardiff Metropolitan University.

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John B. Cronin is a professor of Strength and Conditioning at Auckland University of Technology, holds an Adjunct Professorial Position at Edith Cowan University and is co-director of the Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand.

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© 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association