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Increasing Strength and Power With Gada, Indian Clubs, Bulgarian Bags, and Other Tools of Concentric Strength

Schoenfeld, Melody L. MA, CSCS

Section Editor(s): Schoenfeld, Brad PhD, CSCS, CSPS, NSCA-CPT

Strength & Conditioning Journal: February 2017 - Volume 39 - Issue 1 - p 48–56
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000273
Columns: Evidence-Based Personal Training

ABSTRACT: ALTHOUGH IMPLEMENTS SUCH AS MACES AND CLUBS HAVE BEEN USED EXTENSIVELY THROUGHOUT THE HISTORY OF PHYSICAL CULTURE, THERE IS CURRENTLY NO RESEARCH ON THE BENEFITS OF THESE TOOLS. THIS ARTICLE CONNECTS CURRENT RESEARCH IN EXERCISES THAT HAVE BEEN USED SUCCESSFULLY TO REHABILITATE AND STRENGTHEN THE SHOULDER AND THE USE OF THE GADA, LIGHT CLUB, HEAVY CLUB, AND BULGARIAN BAG. BASIC MOVEMENTS USING THE GADA, LIGHT CLUB, HEAVY CLUB, AND BULGARIAN BAG WILL ALSO BE DEMONSTRATED.

Flawless Fitness, Pasadena, California

Address correspondence to Melody L. Schoenfeld, Nadiana01@gmail.com.

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The author reports no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

The Evidence-Based Personal Training column provides practical application of research topics specific to enhancing results for personal trainers.

COLUMN EDITOR: Brad Schoenfeld, PhD, CSCS, CSPS, NSCA-CPT

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Melody L. Schoenfeld is the owner and strength and conditioning coach at Flawless Fitness.

© 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association