ABSTRACT: DIAGNOSTIC TESTING OF VARIOUS POINTS ON THE FORCE-VELOCITY CURVE, SUCH AS MAXIMUM STRENGTH AND RUNNING SPEED TESTS, IS USED TO IDENTIFY ATHLETES' STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES. DURING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THESE TESTS, COACHES TYPICALLY USE VERBAL INSTRUCTIONS IN AN ATTEMPT TO ENSURE THE ATHLETE ACHIEVES THE HIGHEST RESULT POSSIBLE. RESEARCHERS HAVE SHOWN THAT OPTIMAL MOTOR SKILL PERFORMANCE IS OFTEN ACHIEVED WHEN VERBAL INSTRUCTIONS DIRECT ATTENTION EXTERNALLY. THIS ARTICLE REVIEWS THE CURRENT RESEARCH ON THE APPROPRIATE ATTENTIONAL FOCUS FOR TESTS, WHICH ASSESS ASPECTS OF THE FORCE-VELOCITY CURVE. BASED ON AN ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE, PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS ARE PROVIDED FOR COACHES.
Biomechanical Research Unit, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
Address correspondence to Claire Brady, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest. This work was supported by the Irish Research Council and Sport Ireland Institute.
Claire Brady is a researcher in the Physical Education and Sport Sciences department in the University of Limerick.
Dr. Tom Comyns is a lecturer in the Physical Education and Sport Sciences department in the University of Limerick.
Drew Harrison is Professor of Biomechanics in the Physical Education and Sport Sciences Department in the University of Limerick.
Dr Giles Warrington is a senior lecturer in Sport and Exercise Physiology in the Physical Education and Sport Sciences Department of the University of Limerick.