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Strength Training for Endurance Athletes: Theory to Practice

Bazyler, Caleb D. MA; Abbott, Heather A. M.Ed; Bellon, Christopher R. MA; Taber, Christopher B. MS; Stone, Michael H. PhD

Strength & Conditioning Journal: April 2015 - Volume 37 - Issue 2 - p 1–12
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000131
Article

ABSTRACT: THE PURPOSE OF THIS REVIEW IS TWOFOLD: TO ELUCIDATE THE UTILITY OF RESISTANCE TRAINING FOR ENDURANCE ATHLETES, AND PROVIDE THE PRACTITIONER WITH EVIDENCED-BASED PERIODIZATION STRATEGIES FOR CONCURRENT STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE TRAINING IN ATHLETIC POPULATIONS. BOTH LOW-INTENSITY EXERCISE ENDURANCE (LIEE) AND HIGH-INTENSITY EXERCISE ENDURANCE (HIEE) HAVE BEEN SHOWN TO IMPROVE AS A RESULT OF MAXIMAL, HIGH FORCE, LOW VELOCITY (HFLV) AND EXPLOSIVE, LOW-FORCE, HIGH-VELOCITY STRENGTH TRAINING. HFLV STRENGTH TRAINING IS RECOMMENDED INITIALLY TO DEVELOP A NEUROMUSCULAR BASE FOR ENDURANCE ATHLETES WITH LIMITED STRENGTH TRAINING EXPERIENCE. A SEQUENCED APPROACH TO STRENGTH TRAINING INVOLVING PHASES OF STRENGTH-ENDURANCE, BASIC STRENGTH, STRENGTH, AND POWER WILL PROVIDE FURTHER ENHANCEMENTS IN LIEE AND HIEE FOR HIGH-LEVEL ENDURANCE ATHLETES.

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

Caleb D. Bazyler is currently completing his PhD at East Tennessee State University with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science in conjunction with the Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education.

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Heather A. Abbott is currently completing her PhD at East Tennessee State University with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science in conjunction with the Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education.

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Christopher R. Bellon is currently completing his PhD at East Tennessee State University with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science in conjunction with the Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education.

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Christopher B. Taber is currently completing his PhD at East Tennessee State University with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science in conjunction with the Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education.

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Michael H. Stone is the Laboratory Director and PhD Coordinator in the Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education/Department of Exercise and Sport Science at East Tennessee State University.

© 2015 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association